Meyerhof , Otto Fritz

(1884–1951) German–American biochemist
Meyerhof, who was born at Hannover in Germany, devoted the greater part of his academic life to the study of the biochemistry and metabolism of muscle; he shared the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Archibald Hill in 1922. He held professorships at Kiel and Heidelberg universities, was director of physiology at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Biology, Berlin, and was director of research at the Paris Institute of Biology. In 1940 he emigrated to America, where he joined the medical faculty of the University of Pennsylvania.
Meyerhof demonstrated that the production of lactic acid in muscle tissue, formed as a result of glycogen breakdown, was effected without the consumption of oxygen (i.e., anaerobically). The lactic acid was reconverted to glycogen through oxidation by molecular oxygen, during muscle rest. This line of research was continued by Gustav Embden and Carl and Gerty Cori who worked out in greater detail the steps by which glycogen is converted to lactic acid – the Embden–Meyerhof pathway.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Meyerhof, Otto Fritz — (1884–1951)    German biochemist and Nobel laureate, 1923. Meyerhof was professor of physiological chemistry at the University of Kiel where he concentrated upon his investigations of the muscle. He shared the 1923 Nobel Prize for Medicine and… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Meyerhof, Otto Fritz — ► (1884 1951) Fisiólogo alemán. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1922, compartido con A. V. Hill, por sus estudios sobre los fenómenos químicos en los procesos fisiológicos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Otto Fritz Meyerhof — Meyerhof in 1948 Born April 12, 1884 Hanover …   Wikipedia

  • Otto Fritz Meyerhof — (* 12. April 1884 in Hannover; † 6. Oktober 1951 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) war ein deutscher Biochemiker, der 1922 gemeinsam mit Archibald Vivian Hill für seine Forschungen über den Stoffwechsel im Muskel den Nobelpreis für Medizin erhielt.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Otto Fritz Meyerhof — Naissance 12 avril 1884 Hanovre (  Empire allemand) Décès 6 octobre 1951 Philade …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Otto Fritz Meyerhof — ( * Hanóver, Alemania el 12 de abril de 1884 † Filadelfia, 6 de octubre de 1951) fue un fisiólogo alemán. Realiza los estudios de Medicina en Friburgo de Brisgovia y Estrasburgo, y el doctorado en Heidelberg. Trabajó en el instituto de Fisiología …   Wikipedia Español

  • Otto Fritz Meyerhof — (n. Hannover, Alemania el 12 de abril de 1884 † Filadelfia, 6 de octubre de 1951). Fisiólogo alemán. Realiza los estudios de Medicina en Friburgo de Brisgovia y Estrasburgo, y el doctorado en He …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Otto Fritz Meyerhof — noun United States biochemist (born in Germany) who studied the metabolism of muscles (1884 1951) • Syn: ↑Meyerhof, ↑Otto Meyerhof • Instance Hypernyms: ↑biochemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1922: Archibald Vivian Hill — Otto Fritz Meyerhof —   Der britische Physiologe und der deutsche Biochemiker wurden für ihre Arbeiten über die Funktionsweise der Muskeln ausgezeichnet.    Biografien   Archibald Vivian Hill, * Bristol 26. 9. 1886, ✝ Cambridge 3. 6. 1977; 1910 wiss. Mitarbeiter der… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Meyerhof — Otto Fritz …   Scientists

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