Kemeny , John George

(1926–1992) Hungarian–American mathematician
Kemeny was born in Budapest, Hungary. In 1938 his father was so alarmed by the Nazi annexation of Austria that he moved to the United States. The family followed in 1940 and Kemeny entered Princeton in 1943 to study mathematics. A year later he was drafted onto the Manhattan Project and sent to Los Alamos where he operated an IBM calculator. He returned to Princeton in 1946, completed his PhD in 1949, and moved to Dartmouth in 1953, serving as professor of mathematics (1956–68), as president of the college (1970–81), and once more, from 1981 until his retirement in 1990, as professor of mathematics.
Between 1963 and 1964 Kemeny, working with a Dartmouth colleague, Thomas Kurtz, developed BASIC (Beginner's All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code), probably the best known of all computer languages. Previously the large computers could only be approached through specialized computer programmers. BASIC was conceived initially as something for Dartmouth students to use on Dartmouth computers. With a few simple self-evident commands and an equally simple syntax and vocabulary, it proved remarkably easy to use.
Because it was meant to be freely available to students, the software was placed in the public domain. Subsequently it became the most widely used computer language of the 1970s and 1980s.
Kemeny himself became something of a public figure. It was during his presidency that Dartmouth became coeducational and he did much to open up the college to minorities. He also campaigned against the Vietnam War. Kemeny was one of the main campaigners for the not altogether successful ‘new math’ introduced into America in the 1970s. In 1979 he was invited by President Carter to chair the committee set up to investigate the nuclear accident at Three Mile Island.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Kemeny, John George — born May 31, 1926, Budapest, Hung. died Dec. 26, 1992, Hanover, N.H., U.S. Hungarian born U.S. mathematician and computer scientist. He emigrated to the U.S. with his family at 14. He took a year off from his undergraduate studies at Princeton… …   Universalium

  • Kemeny, John George — (31 may. 1926, Budapest, Hungría–26 dic. 1992, Hanover, N.H., EE.UU.). Matemático y científico computacional estadounidense nacido en Hungría. Emigró a EE.UU. con su familia a los 14 años de edad. Dejó sus estudios de pregrado en la Universidad… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John George Kemeny — (ungar. Kemény János György [ˈjaːnoʃ ˈɟørɟ ˈkɛmeːɲ], * 31. Mai 1926 in Budapest, Ungarn; † 26. Dezember 1992 in Etna in New Hampshire, USA) war ein in Ungarn geborener US amerikanischer Mathematiker.Er ist einer der Miterfinder der BASIC… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John George Kemeny — ( hu. Kemény János György) (May 31, 1926, Budapest–December 26, 1992, New Hampshire), was a Hungarian American mathematician, computer scientist, and educator best known for co developingcite web|title= John Kemeny, 66, Computer Pioneer and… …   Wikipedia

  • John George Kemeny — (Kemény János György) (31 de mayo de 1926 26 de diciembre de 1992) fue un informático y profesor nacido en Budapest (Hungría), conocido como uno de los dos desarrolladores[1] del lenguaje de programación BASIC (el Dartmouth BASIC) en 1964 junto… …   Wikipedia Español

  • John George Kemeny — (en hongrois : Kemény János György), né le 31 mai 1926 à Budapest, mort le 26 décembre 1992 à Hanover (New Hampshire), est un mathématicien et informaticien américain d origine hongroise. Son directeur de thèse était… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kemeny — Kemény (auch Kemeny) ist ein vorwiegend in Ungarn gebräuchlicher Familienname. Ferenc Kemény (1860–1944), ungarischer Pädagoge und Humanist, Gründungsmitglied des Internationalen Olympischen Komitees Gábor Kemény (Außenminister) (1910 1946),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Kemeny — Kemeny,   John George (eigentlich János György Kemény), ungarisch US amerikanischer Mathematiker und Computerpionier, *Budapest 31.5. 1926, †Hanover (New Hampshire, USA) 26.12. 1992; Kemeny kam 1940 in die USA, wo er als Student an den… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kemény — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Kemény: István Kemény Jean III Kemény John George Kemeny Madeleine Kemény Szemere Tibor Kemény Zoltán Kemény Catégorie : Homonymie …   Wikipédia en Français

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