Hounsfield , Sir Godfrey Newbold
- (1919–) British engineerHounsfield was born at Newark in Nottinghamshire and educated in that county before going on to the City and Guilds College, London, and the Faraday House College of Electrical Engineering in London. Having spent the years of World War II in the RAF, he worked for Electrical and Musical Industries (EMI) from 1951 and led the design effort for Britain's first large solid-state computer. Later he worked on problems of pattern recognition. Although he had no formal university education he was granted an honorary doctorate in medicine by the City University, London (1975).Hounsfield was awarded the 1979 Nobel Prize for medicine, together with the South-African-born physicist Allan Cormack, for his pioneering work on the application of computer techniques to x-ray examination of the human body. He was knighted in 1981. Working at the Central Research Laboratories of EMI he developed the first commercially successful machines to use computer-assisted tomography, also known as computerized axial tomography (CAT). In CAT, a high-resolution x-ray picture of an imaginary slice through the body (or head) is built up from information taken from detectors rotating around the patient. These ‘scanners’ allow delineation of very small changes in tissue density. Introduced in 1973, early machines were used to overcome obstacles in the diagnosis of diseases of the brain, but the technique has now been extended to the whole body. Although Cormack worked on essentially the same problems of CAT, the two men did not collaborate, or even meet.
Scientists. Academic. 2011.
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Hounsfield, Sir Godfrey Newbold — ▪ 2005 British electrical engineer (b. Aug. 28, 1919, Newark, Nottinghamshire, Eng. d. Aug. 12, 2004, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, Eng.), invented the CT (computed tomography) scanner, also known as the CAT (computerized axial tomography)… … Universalium
Hounsfield, Sir Godfrey Newbold — SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology [br] b. 28 August 1919 Newark, Nottinghamshire, England [br] English scientist, inventor and developer of computer assisted tomography (CAT) scanning technique of radiographic examination. [br] After an education… … Biographical history of technology
Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield — Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield CBE (* 28. August 1919 in Newark in Nottinghamshire; † 12. August 2004 in Kingston upon Thames) war englischer Elektrotechniker und gilt als einer der Väter der Computertomografie. Biografie Aufgewachsen in einem… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield — Prototipo del escaner CT Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield (28 de agosto de [; Newark, Gran Bretaña – 12 de agosto de 2004) fue un ingeniero inglés electrónico. Sirvió en la RAF durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial. Al finalizar la guerra se… … Wikipedia Español
Hounsfield — Sir Godfrey Newbold … Scientists
Godfrey N. Hounsfield — Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield CBE (* 28. August 1919 in Newark in Nottinghamshire; † 12. August 2004 in Kingston upon Thames) war englischer Elektrotechniker und gilt als einer der Väter der Computertomografie. Biografie Aufgewachsen in einem… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Godfrey Hounsfield — Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield CBE (* 28. August 1919 in Newark in Nottinghamshire; † 12. August 2004 in Kingston upon Thames) war englischer Elektrotechniker und Nobelpreisträger für Medizin. Er gilt als einer der Väter der Computertomografie.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Godfrey Hounsfield — Sir Godfrey Newbold Hounsfield est un ingénieur britannique né le 28 août 1919 à Nottinghamshire et mort le 12 août 2004. Il est connu pour avoir conçu officiellement le scanner médical, ou scanographe selon la terminologie officielle, en 1972,… … Wikipédia en Français
Godfrey Hounsfield — Infobox Scientist name = Godfrey Hounsfield box width = image width =150px caption = Godfrey Hounsfield birth date = 28 August 1919 birth place = Nottinghamshire death date = 12 August 2004 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality =… … Wikipedia
Hounsfield unit — the numerical unit assigned electronically to each pixel in a computerized tomography (CT) image, according to its X ray density. The fixed points on the scale are arbitrarily assigned as 1000 for air and 0 for water. The CT image is viewed in a… … Medical dictionary