Chittenden , Russell Henry

(1856–1943) American physiologist and biochemist
As part of his undergraduate course at Yale, Chittenden, who was born in New Haven, Connecticut, was asked to investigate why scallops taste sweeter when reheated from a previous meal than when freshly cooked. This project led to his discovery of glycogen and glycine in the muscle tissue – the first demonstration of the free occurrence of glycine (or glycocoll as it was then known) in nature. The work attracted the attention of Willy Kühne at Heidelberg who invited Chittenden to his laboratory. Later collaboration between Chittenden (at New Haven) and Kühne (in Heidelberg) provided a strong foundation for studies in enzymology.
Chittenden also did important work in toxicology and on the protein requirements of man, showing that the so-called Voit standard, which recommended 118 grams of protein per day, was a vast overestimate, and that good health could be maintained on 50 grams a day. He played a major part in the establishment of physiological chemistry (biochemistry) as a science in its own right.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Russell Henry Chittenden — (New Haven, Connecticut, 18 février 1856 New Haven, 26 décembre 1943) est un biochimiste américain. Souvent surnommé « le père de la biochimie américaine », il fut un spécialiste de la chimie de la nutrition et l un des fondateurs de la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Russell Henry Chittenden House — Infobox nrhp | name =Russell Henry Chittenden House nrhp type =nhl caption = location= New Haven, Connecticut lat degrees = 41 lat minutes = 18 lat seconds = 48.28 lat direction = N long degrees = 72 long minutes = 55 long seconds = 22.73 long… …   Wikipedia

  • Russell Henry Chittenden — Infobox Scientist name = Russell Henry Chittenden image width = caption = birth date = birth date|1856|2|18|mf=y birth place = New Haven, Connecticut death date = death date|1943|12|26|mf=y death place = New Haven, Connecticut residence =… …   Wikipedia

  • Chittenden — may refer to: Places called Chittenden: Chittenden County, Vermont Chittenden, Vermont People with the name Chittenden Kate Sara Chittenden (1856–1949), American classical pianist, head of piano at Vassar College, founding dean of the American… …   Wikipedia

  • Chittenden — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Khan Chittenden (* 1983), australischer Schauspieler Martin Chittenden (1763–1840), US amerikanischer Politiker und Gouverneur von Vermont Thomas Chittenden (1730–1797), US amerikanischer Politiker und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Osborne Russell — Second Executive Committee In office 1844–1845 Preceded by First Executive Committee Succeeded by George Abernethy Constituency Oregon Cou …   Wikipedia

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in New Haven, Connecticut — Location of New Haven in Connecticut This is a list of National Register of Historic Places listings in New Haven, Connecticut. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in… …   Wikipedia

  • Sheffield Scientific School — Infobox University name = Sheffield Scientific School image size = 350px caption = Chemistry Class in 1898 established = 1847 closed = 1956 type = Private city = flagicon|USA New Haven nickname = Sheff state = Connecticut country = USA website =… …   Wikipedia

  • 1856 en science — Années : 1853 1854 1855  1856  1857 1858 1859 Décennies : 1820 1830 1840  1850  1860 1870 1880 Siècles : XVIIIe siècle  XIXe si …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lafayette Mendel — Infobox Scientist name = Lafayette Mendel caption = birth date = birth date|1872|2|5|mf=y birth place = Delhi, New York, U.S. death date = death date and age|1935|12|9|1872|2|5|mf=y death place = New Haven, Connecticut, U.S. residence =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.