Wheatstone , Sir Charles
- (1802–1875) British physicistAfter a private education in his native city of Gloucester, Wheatstone began business in London as a musical-instrument maker (1823). His early scientific researches were in acoustics and optics and his contributions were numerous. Thus he devised a ‘kaleidophone’ to illustrate harmonic motions of different periods; he suggested a stereoscope (1838) that, using two pictures in dissimilar perspective, could give the appearance of solidity; he showed that every Chladni figure was the resultant of two or more sets of isochronous parallel vibrations; and he demonstrated how minute quantities of metals could be detected from the spectral lines produced by electric sparks.Perhaps his most important work, however, was to produce, with William Cooke, the first practical electric telegraph system. In 1837, in conjunction with the new London and Birmingham Railway Company, Cooke and Wheatstone installed a demonstration line about one mile long. Improvements rapidly followed and, with the needs of the railroads providing the impetus and finance, by 1852 more than 4000 miles of telegraph lines were in operation throughout Britain. Wheatstone constructed the first printing telegraph (1841) and a single-needle telegraph (1845). He made contributions to the development of submarine telegraphy and to dynamos. The Wheatstone bridge, a device for comparing electrical resistances, was not invented by Wheatstone but brought to notice by him.Wheatstone was appointed professor of experimental philosophy at King's College, London, in 1834 and was knighted in 1868. At his death he held about 40 awards and distinctions. He was prolific in his inventions and had an extraordinary ability to turn his theoretical knowledge to practical account.
Scientists. Academic. 2011.
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Wheatstone, Sir Charles — Wheatstone , Sir Charles … Scientists
Wheatstone, Sir Charles — SUBJECT AREA: Telecommunications [br] b. 1802 near Gloucester, England d. 19 October 1875 Paris, France [br] English physicist, pioneer of electric telegraphy. [br] Wheatstone s family moved to London when he was 4 years old. He was educated at… … Biographical history of technology
Wheatstone, Sir Charles — ▪ British physicist born Feb. 6, 1802, Gloucester, Gloucestershire, Eng. died Oct. 19, 1875, Paris English physicist who popularized the Wheatstone bridge, a device that accurately measured electrical resistance and became widely used in… … Universalium
WHEATSTONE, SIR CHARLES — celebrated physicist and electrician, born near Gloucester; was a man of much native ingenuity, and gave early proof of it; was appointed professor of Experimental Philosophy in King s College, London, and distinguished himself by his… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Sir Charles — Chaplin (better known as Charlie Chaplin); Sir Charles Groves (conductor); Sir Charles Halle (conductor pianist and founder of Manchester’s Halle Orchestra); Sir Charles Mackerras (conductor); Sir Charles Villiers Stanford (composer conductor… … Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games
Sir Charles Wheatstone — noun English physicist and inventor who devised the Wheatstone bridge (1802 1875) • Syn: ↑Wheatstone • Instance Hypernyms: ↑physicist, ↑inventor, ↑discoverer, ↑artificer … Useful english dictionary
Charles Wheatstone — Sir Charles Wheatstone [ˈwiːtstən] (* 6. Februar 1802 in Gloucester; † 19. Oktober 1875 in Paris) war ein britischer Physiker … Deutsch Wikipedia
Wheatstone — Charles Wheatstone Sir Charles Wheatstone [ˈwiːtstən] (* 6. Februar 1802 in Gloucester; † 19. Oktober 1875 in Paris) war ein britischer Physiker. Lebe … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charles Wheatstone — Charles Wheatstone. Sir Charles Wheatstone (Gloucester, 6 de febrero de 1802 París, 19 de octubre de 1875) fue un científico e inventor británico, que destacó durante la época victoriana, incluyendo el Estereoscopio (aparato que cre … Wikipedia Español
WHEATSTONE (C.) — WHEATSTONE sir CHARLES (1802 1875) Physicien anglais né à Gloucester et mort à Paris. Wheatstone publie ses premiers travaux en acoustique alors qu’il était employé chez un marchand d’instruments de musique (1823). En 1837, après avoir étudié la… … Encyclopédie Universelle