# Nash , John F.

*(1928–) American mathematician and economist*Nash was born at Bluefield, West Virginia. His father was an electrical engineer and his mother was a teacher. He originally studied chemical engineering at Carnegie Tech. in Pittsburg but moved courses, first to chemistry and then, encouraged by the mathematics faculty, to mathematics.Nash then entered Princeton on a fellowship as a graduate student. At Carnegie he had taken a course on international economics and this had led to a paper on what he called ‘The Bargaining Problem’. At Princeton, he developed this further using the ideas of game theory first discussed by von Neumann and Morgenstern. The result was Nash's theory of*non-cooperative games*, which he wrote up for his PhD thesis. The theory, which could be applied to any finite number of players, later found applications in economics.Nash was not certain that this work would be an acceptable topic for a thesis and, during this period, he also made certain discoveries in pure mathematics concerning manifolds. This work was published later when he was an instructor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, a post he took up in 1951. At MIT he also worked on problems in differential geometry, which were relevant to general relativity theory.At this point Nash seemed set for a brilliant mathematical career but, early in 1959, he began to suffer mental problems. In his own words, it was “the time of my change from scientific rationality of thinking into the delusional thinking characteristic of persons who are psychiatrically diagnosed as ‘schizophrenic’ or ‘paranoid schizophrenic’”. He resigned his academic post and spent periods in mental hospitals. After some 25 years Nash appears to have recovered and to have started serious mathematical work again. In 1997 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for economics for the work he had done as a young man many years before on noncooperative game theory.

*Scientists.
Academic.
2011.*

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**Nash, John**— born 1752, London?, Eng. died May 13, 1835, Cowes, Isle of Wight British architect and city planner. From 1798 Nash was employed by the Prince of Wales. Acquiring considerable wealth, he built for himself East Cowes Castle, Isle of Wight (1798),… … Universalium**Nash, John**— SUBJECT AREA: Architecture and building [br] b. c. 1752 (?) London, England d. 13 May 1835 Cowes, Isle of Wight [br] English architect and town planner. [br] Nash s name is synonymous with the great scheme carried out for his patron, the Prince… … Biographical history of technology**Nash, John F., Jr.**— ▪ American mathematician in full John Forbes Nash, Jr. born June 13, 1928, Bluefield, West Virginia, U.S. American mathematician who was awarded the 1994 Nobel Prize for Economics for his landmark work, first begun in the 1950s, on the… … Universalium**NASH, John**— (1752–1835) The important eighteenth and nineteenth century architect, well known for both private (Regent Street) and royal commissions (Brighton Pavilion), who contributed to the Etruscan style … Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans**NASH, John**— (1752 1835) See ROMANTIC ARCHITECTURE … Historical Dictionary of Architecture**Nash, John**— (1752, ¿Londres?, Inglaterra–13 may. 1835, Cowes, islade Wight). Arquitecto y urbanista británico, fue empleado por el príncipe de Gales en 1798. Adquirió una fortuna considerable que le permitió construirse el castillo East Cowes, en la islade… … Enciclopedia Universal**NASH, JOHN**— English architect, born in London; besides designing plans for some of the chief streets in the city and the buildings in them, was the architect of Buckingham Palace and the Pavilion at Brighton (1752 1835) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia**Nash, John Forbes**— born June 13, 1928, Bluefield, W.Va., U.S. U.S. mathematician. He earned a doctorate from Princeton University at 22. He began teaching at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1951 but left in the late 1950s because of mental illness;… … Universalium**Nash, John Forbes**— (13 jun. 1928, Bluefield, W.V., EE.UU.). Matemático estadounidense. Obtuvo un doctorado en la Universidad de Princeton a los 22 años de edad. Empezó a dictar clases en el Instituto de Tecnología de Massachusetts en 1951, pero lo dejó a fines de… … Enciclopedia Universal**John Forbes Nash Jr.**— John Forbes Nash John Forbes Nash Jr. (* 13. Juni 1928 in Bluefield, West Virginia) ist ein US amerikanischer Mathematiker, der besonders in den Bereichen Spieltheorie und Differentialgeometrie sowie auf dem Gebiet der … Deutsch Wikipedia