Maskelyne , Nevil
(1732–1811) British astronomer
Maskelyne, who was born in London, was educated at Westminster School and Cambridge University. He became the fifth Astronomer Royal in 1765 and, from 1782, rector of North Runcton in Norfolk.
Maskelyne spent considerable time trying to solve the problem of determining longitude at sea. His preferred method was by means of lunar observation, since, on a trip to St. Helena in 1761, he had successfully used such a method. To popularize his technique he published his British Mariner's Guide in 1763 and started publishing in 1767 the Nautical Almanac to provide the necessary information. He was a member of the Board of Longitude, which had been set up in 1714 to decide on the award of the £20,000 prize for a solution to the problem. Perhaps his commitment to his lunar method made him blind to the value of the chronometer invented by John Harrison, which he was asked to judge. He refused to recommend it for the award.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Maskelyne, Nevil — ▪ British astronomer born Oct. 6, 1732, London died Feb. 9, 1811, Greenwich, London  British astronomer noted for his contribution to the science of navigation.       Maskelyne was ordained a minister in 1755, but his interest in astronomy had… …   Universalium

  • MASKELYNE, NEVIL —    astronomer royal, born in London; determined the method of finding longitude at sea, and the density of the earth by experiments at Schiehallion, and commenced the National Almanack, and produced the first volume of Astronomical Observations… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Nevil Maskelyne — Nevil Maskelyne. Nevil Maskelyne (* 6. Oktober 1732 in London; † 9. Februar 1811 in Greenwich) war Mathematiker und Astronom und von 1765 bis 1811 britischer Hofastronom (Astronomer Royal) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Nevil Maskelyne — Naissance 6 octobre 1732 Londres (Angleterre) Décès 9 février 1811 Greenwich (Angleterre) Nationalité Anglaise Champs …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Nevil — may refer to: Surname: Alex Nevil (born 1965), an American actor and younger brother of Robbie Nevil Dwight Nevil (born 1944), an American professional golfer Robbie Nevil (born 1958), an American pop singer songwriter/producer/guitarist Given… …   Wikipedia

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