Mariotte , Edmé
(c. 1620–1684) French physicist
Mariotte was born at Dijon in France. A priest, he was prior of Saint-Martin-sous-Beaune and also a founder member of the French Academy of Sciences.
In 1662 Robert Boyle had stated his law that the pressure and volume of a gas are inversely proportional. In 1676 Mariotte formulated the law quite independently, deriving it in a less inductive manner than Boyle. More importantly, he stated that the law holds only if there is no change in temperature, as he realized that a gas expands with an increase in temperature and contracts with a fall. Mariotte also investigated a large number of other topics connected with pressure. He performed some of the earliest experiments on the physiology of plants showing the high pressure of the sap. In France, Boyle's law is naturally referred to as Mariotte's law.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mariotte, Edme — • French physicist, b. at Dijon, France, about 1620; d. at Paris, 12 May, 1684 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Mariotte, Edme — ▪ French physicist born c. 1620, Dijon, Fr. died May 12, 1684, Paris       French physicist and plant physiologist who, independent of Robert Boyle, discovered the law that states that the volume of a gas varies inversely with its pressure.… …   Universalium

  • Mariotte, Edme — ► (1620 84) Físico francés. Descubrió, independientemente de Boyle, la ley que se conoce con el nombre de Boyle Mariotte …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MARIOTTE, EDME —    a French physicist, born at Dijon; discoverer of the law named after him, that the volume of a gas is inversely as the pressure; called also Boyle s; it bears the name of Mariotte s law on the Continent, and Boyle s in England (1620 1684) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Mariotte — Mariotte, Edme …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edme Mariotte — (Til Châtel c. 1620 Paris 12 May 1684) was a French physicist and priest.[1] Contents 1 Biography 2 Work 3 Publications …   Wikipedia

  • Edme Mariotte —     Edme Mariotte     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Edme Mariotte     French physicist, b. at Dijon, France, about 1620; d. at Paris, 12 May, 1684. His residence was at Dijon, and some of his works are dated from that place. He was ordained and, as a …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Mariotte — Edme Mariotte (* um 1620 wahrscheinlich in Dijon; † 12. Mai 1684 in Paris) war ein französischer Physiker. Mariotte war zunächst katholischer Geistlicher in Dijon, wo er als Prior von St. Martin sous Beaume wirkte. Seit der Gründung der Akademie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MARIOTTE (E.) — MARIOTTE EDME (1620 1684) Physicien français né à Dijon et mort à Paris, Edme Mariotte est l’un des savants du XVIIe siècle qui ont continué en France la grande tradition de Galilée, comme l’ont fait en Angleterre R. Boyle et I. Newton.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Marĭotte — Marĭotte, Edme, Physiker, geb. um 1620 (?) in Bourgogne, gest. 12. Mai 1684 in Paris, war Prior von St. Martin sous Beaune und wurde 1666 Mitglied der Pariser Akademie der Wissenschaften. M. verarbeitete die Ideen seiner Vorgänger Galilei und… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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