Maiman , Theodore Harold
(1927–) American physicist
Maiman, the son of an electrical engineer, was born in Los Angeles, California, and graduated in engineering physics from the University of Colorado in 1949. He gained his PhD from Stanford University in 1955, following which he joined the Hughes Research Laboratories, Miami.
Maiman was especially interested in the maser, which had been developed independently by Charles Townes in America and Nikolai Basov and Aleksandr Prokhorov in the USSR in 1955. It was realized that the principles by which the maser produced microwaves at selected well-defined wavelengths could be extended to emissions at the shorter visible wavelengths. In 1960, at the Hughes Research Laboratory, Maiman designed and operated the first instrument to achieve this, now known as the laser (light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation). He used a ruby cylinder with mirror-coated ends as a resonant cavity, and succeeded in converting flashes of white (incoherent) light into a pulsed beam of monochromatic coherent light. Such a beam can travel long distances with little dispersion and can concentrate optical energy on a small spot. The first continuous (as opposed to pulsed) laser was made by Ali Javan and his colleagues at the Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1961. The laser has since been developed in many forms as a research and engineering tool.
Maiman founded his own company, Korad Corporation, in 1962, which became the leading developer and manufacturer of high-power lasers. He founded Maiman Associates in 1968, acting as a consultant on lasers and optics, and cofounded the Laser Video Corporation in 1972. In 1977 he joined TRW Electronics of California as assistant for advanced technology.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Maiman, Theodore Harold — ▪ 2008       American physicist born July 11, 1927 , Los Angeles, Calif. died May 5, 2007, Vancouver, B.C. constructed the first laser, a device that produces monochromatic coherent light, or light in which the rays are all of the same wavelength …   Universalium

  • Theodore Harold Maiman — (* 11. Juli 1927 in Los Angeles; † 5. Mai 2007 in Vancouver) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1960 entwickelte er den ersten funktionstüchtigen Laser. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Auszeichnungen 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodore Harold Maiman — Théodore Maiman Théodore Harold Maiman (né 11 juillet 1927 à Denver, États Unis et mort le 5 mai 2007 à Vancouver, Canada), est un physicien américain. Il fait ses études aux universités du Colorado et de Stanford. En mai 1960, le physicien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theodore Harold Maiman — Infobox Scientist name = Theodore Harold Maiman birth date = birth date|1927|7|11 birth place = Los Angeles, California death date = death date and age|2007|5|5|1927|7|11 death place = Vancouver, British Columbia citizenship = United States field …   Wikipedia

  • Maiman, Theodore H. — ▪ American physicist in full  Theodore Harold Maiman   born July 11, 1927, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S. died May 5, 2007, Vancouver, B.C., Can.       American physicist, who constructed the first laser, a device that produces monochromatic coherent… …   Universalium

  • Theodore Harold Maiman — Nacido en Los Ángeles, California (Estados Unidos) el 11 de julio de 1927. Asistió a la Universidad del Colorado y recibió un B.S. en ingeniería física en 1949, entonces siguió para graduarse en la Universidad de Stanford donde recibió un M.S.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Maiman — Theodore Harold Maiman (* 11. Juli 1927 in Los Angeles; † 5. Mai 2007 in Vancouver) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1960 entwickelte er den ersten funktionstüchtigen Laser. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Auszeichnungen 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theodore Maiman — Théodore Maiman Théodore Harold Maiman (né 11 juillet 1927 à Denver, États Unis et mort le 5 mai 2007 à Vancouver, Canada), est un physicien américain. Il fait ses études aux universités du Colorado et de Stanford. En mai 1960, le physicien… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Theodore Maiman — Theodore Harold Maiman (* 11. Juli 1927 in Los Angeles; † 5. Mai 2007 in Vancouver) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker. 1960 entwickelte er den ersten funktionstüchtigen Laser. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Werk 2 Auszeichnungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Théodore Maiman — Théodore Harold Maiman (né 11 juillet 1927 à Denver, États Unis et mort le 5 mai 2007 à Vancouver, Canada), est un physicien américain. Il fait ses études aux universités du Colorado et de Stanford. En mai 1960, le physicien américain Théodore… …   Wikipédia en Français

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