Lynen , Feodor
(1911–1979) German chemist
Lynen was educated at the university in his native city of Munich, where he obtained his doctorate under Heinrich Wieland in 1937. That same year he married Wieland's daughter. He was appointed to the faculty at Munich in 1942, being made professor of chemistry in 1947. In 1954 he became director of the Max Planck Institute for Cell Chemistry, Munich.
In 1950 Lynen showed that coenzyme A (described in 1947 by Fritz Lipmann) plays the central role in the breakdown of fats in the body. Fats are first broken down by the enzyme lipase into a number of free fatty acids. It had been shown in 1904 that these are then degraded two carbon atoms at a time. This is done by coenzyme A combining with the fatty acid and forming, after a number of intermediate steps, acetoacetyl coenzyme A at one end of the chain. This can now react with another molecule of coenzyme A causing a two-carbon fragment of acetyl coenzyme A to split off. The process can now be repeated with the result that a fatty acid chain of n carbon molecules is eventually reduced to half that number of acetyl coenzyme A molecules.
For this work on fatty acid metabolism and on cholesterol Lynen shared the 1964 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Konrad Bloch.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Lynen, Feodor — ▪ German biochemist born April 6, 1911, Munich, Germany died August 6, 1979, Munich       German biochemist who, for his research on the metabolism of cholesterol and fatty acids (fatty acid), was a corecipient (with Konrad Bloch (Bloch, Konrad E …   Universalium

  • Lynen, Feodor — ► (1911 79) Fisiólogo alemán. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1964, compartido con C. E. Bloch, por sus descubrimientos acerca del mecanismo y regulación del colesterol y el metabolismo de los ácidos grasos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lynen — Feodor …   Scientists

  • Lynen — Lynen, Feodor …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Feodor Lynen — Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen (* 6. April 1911 in München; † 6. August 1979 ebenda) war ein deutscher Biochemiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen — (* 6. April 1911 in München; † 6. August 1979 ebd.) war ein deutscher Biochemiker und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Auszeichnungen 3 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen — Feodor Lynen Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen (6 avril 1911 à Munich † 6 août 1979 Munich) était un biochimiste allemand, lauréat du prix Nobel. Il a été récompensé, en même temps que Konrad Bloch, par le prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine en 1964,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Feodor Lynen — Feodor Felix Konrad Lynen (6 avril 1911 à Munich † 6 août 1979 Munich) était un biochimiste allemand. Il a été récompensé, en même temps que Konrad Bloch, par le prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine en 1964, pour ses travaux sur le métabolisme… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lynen — Lynen,   Feodor Felix Konrad, Biochemiker, * München 6. 4. 1911, ✝ ebenda 6. 8. 1979; seit 1947 Professor in München, ab 1954 Direktor des dortigen Max Planck Instituts für Zellchemie, ab 1972 Direktor des Max Planck Instituten für Biochemie in… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Feodor Lynen — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Feodor Lynen (6 de abril de 1911 6 de agosto de 1979). Estudió Química en la Universidad de Múnich. Se decanta por la Bioquímica. Desde 1942 fue profesor de Química y catedrático de Bioquímica en la Universidad de… …   Wikipedia Español

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