Loewi , Otto
(1873–1961) German–American physiologist
Loewi was born at Frankfurt am Main in Germany and qualified in medicine at the University of Strasbourg before taking up professorships in physiology and pharmacology at Vienna and Graz Universities. For a time he worked under Ernest Starling in London, and in 1940 emigrated to America where he became research professor at the New York University College of Medicine.
Loewi's most important work was concerned with nerve action in vertebrate animals, demonstrating, for example, that chemical reactions are involved in nerve impulses. In 1921 he discovered that certain chemical substances are released when the nerves of a frog's heart are electrically stimulated. Loewi's vagus material(thus named because it was obtained by stimulation of the vagus nerve) was subsequently shown by Henry Dale to be acetylcholine. It can be used to stimulate the activity of another heart without the need for nervous activity. Loewi and Dale shared the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1936 for their work in this field.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • LOEWI, OTTO — (1873–1961), pharmacologist and Nobel laureate in physiology and medicine. Loewi was born in Frankfurt on the Main but became a U.S. citizen in 1946. He graduated in medicine at the University of Strasbourg (then in Germany). After initial… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Loewi, Otto — ▪ German American pharmacologist born June 3, 1873, Frankfurt am Main, Ger. died Dec. 25, 1961, New York, N.Y., U.S.       German born American physician and pharmacologist who, with Sir Henry Dale (Dale, Sir Henry), received the Nobel Prize for… …   Universalium

  • Loewi, Otto — (1873 1961)    German physician and pharmacologist. Born in Frankfurt, he studied at Strasbourg University. From 1906 to 1909 he taught in Vienna, later becoming professor of pharmacology in Graz. He won the Nobel Prize for Physiology and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Loewi, Otto — ► (1873 1961) Farmacólogo alemán. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1936, compartido con H. H. Dale, por sus investigaciones sobre las correlaciones neurohormonales …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Loewi Otto — Лёви Отто (1873 1961) физиолог, установил химическую природу передачи возбуждения нервной системы и мускульной ткани. Лауреат Нобелевской премии. Денежное вознаграждение, полученное от Нобелевского комитета, вынужден был выплатить нацистскому… …   Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь

  • Loewi — Otto …   Scientists

  • Loewi — Loewi, Otto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Otto Loewi — Born June 3, 1873(1873 06 03) Frankfurt, Germany …   Wikipedia

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  • Otto Loewi — en 1955 alors qu il habite aux États Unis Naissance 3 juin 1873 Francfort sur le Main ( …   Wikipédia en Français

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