Lippmann , Gabriel
(1845–1921) French physicist
Born at Hollerich in Luxembourg, Lippmann was educated at the Ecole Normale in Paris. After conducting research in Germany he became professor of probability and mathematical physics at the Sorbonne in 1883. In 1886 he became director of the laboratories for physical research and professor of physics at the Sorbonne.
In 1873 he invented the Lippmann capillary electrometer, an instrument for measuring extremely small voltages. Lippmann is, however, better known for producing the first color photographic plate (1891). His color-photography process involved placing a coat of mercury behind the emulsion on the photographic plate. It is the only direct method of color photography but requires a long exposure time. For this work Lippmann was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 1908. Lippmann's other inventions included a galvanometer, a seismograph, and a coelostat.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • LIPPMANN, GABRIEL — (1845–1921), French physicist and Nobel Prize winner. Though born in Luxembourg, Lippmann spent most of his life in Paris. His association with the Annalesde chimie et de physique, for which he prepared summaries of the articles written in German …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lippmann, Gabriel — ▪ French physicist born Aug. 16, 1845, Hollerich, Luxembourg died July 13, 1921, at sea, en route from Canada to France  French physicist who received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1908 for producing the first colour photographic plate. He was… …   Universalium

  • Lippmann,Gabriel — Lipp·mann (lēp mänʹ), Gabriel. 1845 1921. French physicist. He won a 1908 Nobel Prize for developing a method of reproducing colors by photography. * * * …   Universalium

  • Lippmann, Gabriel — ► (1845 1921) Físico francés. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1908, por haber producido la primera fotografía en color …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lippmann — Lippmann, Gabriel …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gabriel Jonas Lippmann — Gabriel Lippmann Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lippmann. Gabriel Lippmann Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gabriel Lippman — Gabriel Lippmann Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lippmann. Gabriel Lippmann Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gabriel (Vorname) — Gabriel (hebräisch: גַּבְרִיאֵל; ursprünglich: „(Der Gott) El ist mein Held”, hebräisch „Gott ist mein Held”) ist ein männlicher Vorname und Familienname. Die weibliche Form des Namens ist Gabriele. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Etymologie 2 Varianten 3… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • LIPPMANN (G.) — LIPPMANN GABRIEL (1845 1921) Physicien français, Gabriel Lippmann, né à Hallerich (Luxembourg), fait ses études à l’École normale supérieure, puis à Heidelberg et à Berlin. Sa thèse, Relations entre les phénomènes électriques et capillaires… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gabriel Lippmann — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lippmann. Gabriel Lippmann Naissance 16 août 1845 Bonnevoie (Luxemb …   Wikipédia en Français

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