Barrow , Isaac


Barrow , Isaac
(1630–1677) British mathematician
Born the son of a prosperous London linen draper, Barrow was educated at Cambridge University. Because of his royalist sympathies he was rejected, on Cromwell's instructions, as a candidate for the professorship of Greek. Consequently he began in 1655 an extensive tour of Europe. With the restoration of Charles II, he returned to Britain in 1660 and was finally elected professor of Greek at Cambridge. In 1663 he accepted the newly created Lucasian Professorship of Mathematics, a post he resigned from in 1669.
The claim has often been made that Barrow resigned his chair in favor of his pupil, Isaac Newton. In reality Newton was not the pupil of Barrow and, while he appreciated Newton's mathematical genius and saw to it that Newton succeeded him, Barrow was more interested in advancing his own career. He was appointed chaplain to Charles II in 1669 and in 1673 returned to Cambridge as Master of Trinity College, an office in the gift of the king. He died soon after in 1677 from, according to John Aubrey, an overdose of opium, an addiction that he had acquired in Turkey.
Barrow is best known for his Lectiones opticae (1669) andLectiones geometricae (1670), both edited by Newton, and the posthumously published Lectiones mathematicae (1683). Unfortunately for Barrow's reputation, his work in both optics and mathematics was soon overshadowed by Newton's own publications.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Barrow, Isaac — ▪ English mathematician Introduction born October 1630, London, England died May 4, 1677, London  English classical scholar, theologian, and mathematician who was the teacher of Isaac Newton (Newton, Sir Isaac). He developed a method of… …   Universalium

  • Barrow, Isaac — (1630 1677)    Divine, scholar, and mathematician, s. of a linen draper in London, was ed. at Charterhouse, Felsted, Peterhouse, and Trinity Coll., Cambridge, where his uncle and namesake, afterwards Bishop of St. Asaph, was a Fellow. As a boy he …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • BARROW, ISAAC —    English scholar, mathematician, and divine, born in London; a graduate of Cambridge, and fellow of Trinity College; appointed professor of Greek at Cambridge, and soon after Gresham professor of Geometry; subsequently Lucasian professor of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • BARROW (I.) — BARROW ISAAC (1630 1677) Mathématicien et théologien anglais qui fut un des précurseurs du calcul infinitésimal. Ordonné ministre anglican en 1668, Isaac Barrow enseigna le grec à l’université de Cambridge (1660 1663) et fut nommé, en 1662,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Isaac Barrow — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Isaac Barrow — Infobox Scientist box width = 200px name = Isaac Barrow image size = 300px caption = Isaac Barrow (1630 1677) birth date = October 1630 birth place = London, England nationality = United Kingdom death date = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac Newton — Sir Isaac Newton …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac Barrow — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Barrow. Isaac Barrow Naissance octobre 1630 Londres (Angleterre) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac — Isaak und Isaac ist ein männlicher Vorname, der auch als Familienname gebräuchlich ist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Vorname 3.2 Familien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaac Barrow — Statue zu Ehren Barrows (Cambridge) Isaac …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.