Kolbe , Adolph Wilhelm Hermann
(1818–1884) German chemist
Kolbe, the son of a clergyman from Göttingen, in Germany, was the eldest of 15 children. He studied under Friedrich Wöhler at Göttingen and then, in 1842, went to Marburg as Robert Bunsen's assistant and learned his method of gas analysis. In 1845 he went to London to work as Lyon Playfair's assistant on the analysis of mine gases for a commission set up to investigate recent explosions in coal mines. He was professor of chemistry at Marburg from 1851 until he moved to Leipzig to succeed Justus von Liebig in 1865.
Kolbe made a number of advances in organic chemistry. He was the first to synthesize acetic acid from inorganic materials (following Wöhler's synthesis of urea). The Kolbe method is a technique for making hydrocarbons by electrolysis of solutions of salts of fatty acids. He also produced a Textbook of Organic Chemistry (1854–60), which collected together all the methods of preparing organic compounds and in 1854 he edited Liebig and Wöhler's Dictionary of Chemistry.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe — (* 27. September 1818 in Elliehausen, heute ein Stadtbezirk von Göttingen; † 25. November 1884 in Leipzig) war ein deutscher Chemiker. Leben und Wirken Kolbe war das älteste von 15 Kindern des Pfarrers Karl Kolb …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kolbe. Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe (né à Elliehausen près de Hanovre le 27 septembre 1818 mort à Leipzig le 25 novembre 1884) était un chimiste allemand. Après avoir étudié la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe — Nacimiento 27 de septiembre de 1818. Elliehausen, Alemania. Fallecimiento 25 de noviembre …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe — Infobox Scientist name = Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe caption = Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe birth date = birth date|1818|9|27|mf=y birth place = Elliehausen near Göttingen, Germany residence = Germany, England nationality = German death date =… …   Wikipedia

  • Hermann Kolbe — Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kolbe. Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe (né à Elliehausen près de Hanovre le 27 septembre 1818 mort à Leipzig le 25 novembre 1884) était un chimiste allemand. Après avoir étudié la chimie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hermann Kolbe — Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe (* 27. September 1818 in Elliehausen, heute ein Stadtbezirk von Göttingen; † 25. November 1884 in Leipzig) war ein deutscher Chemiker. Kolbe hat mit der Elektrolyse von Carbonsäuren eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kolbe electrolysis — Kolbe electolysis or Kolbe reaction is an organic reaction named after Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe. [cite journal title = Zersetzung der Valeriansäure durch den elektrischen Strom author = Hermann Kolbe journal = Annalen der Chemie und Pharmacie …   Wikipedia

  • Kolbe — is a surname, and may refer to:* Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe, (1818 – 1884), German chemist who gave name to Kolbe electrolysis and Kolbe Schmitt reaction * Fritz Kolbe, (1900 – 1971), World War II spy * Georg Kolbe, (1877 – 1947), sculptor *… …   Wikipedia

  • Kolbe, Hermann — ▪ German chemist in full  Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe  born Sept. 27, 1818, Elliehausen, near Göttingen, Hanover [Ger.] died Nov. 25, 1884, Leipzig, Ger.  German chemist who accomplished the first generally accepted synthesis of an organic… …   Universalium

  • Kolbe-Schmitt reaction — The Kolbe Schmitt reaction/Kolbe process (named after Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe and Rudolf Schmitt) is a carboxylation chemical reaction that proceeds by heating sodium phenolate (the sodium salt of phenol) with carbon dioxide under pressure… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”