Kitasato , Baron Shibasaburo
(1852–1931) Japanese bacteriologist
Born in Oguni, Japan, Kitasato graduated from the medical school of the University of Tokyo in 1883 and then went to Berlin to study under Robert Koch. A close and long-lasting friendship developed between the two men.
While in Berlin Kitasato worked with Emil von Behring and in 1890 they announced the discovery of antitoxins of diphtheria and tetanus. They showed that if nonimmune animals were injected with increasing sublethal doses of tetanus toxin, the animals became resistant to the disease. Their paper laid the basis for all future treatment with antitoxins and founded a new field in science, that of serology. Kitasato returned to Japan and became director of the Institute of Infectious Diseases in 1892. Two years later there was an outbreak of bubonic plague in Hong Kong and he succeeded in isolating the plague bacillus, Pasteurella pestis. In 1898 he isolated the microorganism that causes dysentery.
He founded the Kitasato Institute for Medical Research in 1914 and became dean of the medical school, Keio University, Tokyo. In 1924 he was created a baron. In 1908 Koch visited Japan and Kitasato secretly obtained clippings of the visitor's hair and fingernails. When Koch died in May 1910, Kitasato built a small shrine for the relics in front of his laboratory; when Kitasato died, his remains were placed in the same shrine, next to those of his respected master.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kitasato — Baron Shibasaburo …   Scientists

  • Kitasato — Shibasaburo, Baron, Japanese bacteriologist, 1853–1931. See K. bacillus …   Medical dictionary

  • Kitasato Shibasaburō — Este artículo está titulado de acuerdo a la onomástica japonesa, en que el apellido precede al nombre. Kitasato Shibasaburō. El Barón Kitasato Shibasaburō (北里 柴三郎 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kitasato Shibasaburo — nihongo|Kitasato Shibasaburō, 1st Baron Kitasato|北里 柴三郎|Kitasato Shibasaburō|extra=29 January, 1853 13 June, 1931 was a Japanese physician and bacteriologist. He is remembered as the co discoverer of the infectious agent of bubonic plague in Hong …   Wikipedia

  • Kitasato Shibasaburo — ▪ Japanese physician and bacteriologist also spelled  Kitazato Shibasaburō  born Jan. 29, 1853, Kitanosato, Higo province [now Kumamoto prefecture], Japan died June 13, 1931, Tokyo  Japanese physician and bacteriologist who helped discover a… …   Universalium

  • Antibody — Immunoglobulin redirects here. For the immunoglobulin family, see Immunoglobulin superfamily. Antibodies redirects here. For the film, see Antibodies (film). Each antibody binds to a specific antigen; an interaction similar to a lock and key. An… …   Wikipedia

  • Anticuerpo — Molécula de inmunoglobulina con su típica forma de Y. En azul se observan las cadenas pesadas con cuatro dominios Ig, mientras que en verde se muestran las …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nomenclature of monoclonal antibodies — List of stems for monoclonal antibody nomenclature[1][2][3] …   Wikipedia

  • Yersinia pestis — A scanning electron microscope micrograph depicting a mass of Yersinia pestis bacteria. Scientific classification Domain …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Ki — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”