Joliot-Curie , Irène
(1897–1956) French physicist
Irène Curie was born in Paris, the daughter of Pierre and Marie Curie, the discoverers of radium. She received little formal schooling, attending instead informal classes where she was taught physics by her mother, mathematics by Paul Langevin, and chemistry by Jean Baptiste Perrin. She later attended the Sorbonne although she first served as a radiologist at the front during World War I. In 1921 she began work at her mother's Radium Institute with which she maintained her connection for the rest of her life, becoming its director in 1946. She was also, from 1937, a professor at the Sorbonne.
In 1926 Irène Curie married Frédéric Joliot and took the name Joliot-Curie. As in so many other things she followed her mother in being awarded the Nobel Prize for distinguished work done in collaboration with her husband. Thus in 1935 the Joliot-Curies won the chemistry prize for their discovery in 1934 of artificial radioactivity.
Irène later almost anticipated Otto Hahn's discovery of nuclear fission but like many other physicists at that time found it too difficult to accept the simple hypothesis that heavy elements like uranium could split into lighter elements when bombarded with neutrons. Instead she tried to find heavier elements produced by the decay of uranium.
Like her mother, Irène Joliot-Curie produced a further generation of scientists. Her daughter, Hélène, married the son of Marie Curie's old companion, Paul Langevin, and, together with her brother, Paul, became a distinguished physicist.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joliot-Curie, Irene — (1897 1956)    physicist, Nobel laureate    Born in Paris, the daughter of marie and pierre curie, Irene Joliot Curie did much of her research in collaboration with her husband, Frédéric joliot curie. In 1925, she received a doctorate from the… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Joliot-Curie, Irène — Jo·liot Cu·rie (zhô lyō kyo͝orʹē, kyo͝o rēʹ, kü ), Irène. 1897 1956. French physicist. She shared a 1935 Nobel Prize with her husband, Frédéric Joliot Curie (1900 1958), for synthesizing new radioactive elements. * * * …   Universalium

  • Joliot Curie, Irène — ► (1897 1956) Física francesa, hija de Pierre y Marie Curie y esposa de Fréderic Joliot. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1935, junto con su esposo, por el descubrimiento de la radiactividad artificial …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Irène Joliot-Curie — Joliot Curie , Irène …   Scientists

  • Joliot Curie — Joliot Curie, Irène …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Irene Joliot-Curie — Irène Curie (zweite von links) mit ihrer Mutter und ihrer Schwester in den USA, 1921. (Personen von links nach rechts: Marie Mattingly Meloney Brown Irène Curie Marie Curie Ève Curie) Irène Joliot Curie (* 12. September 1897 in Paris; …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Irene Joliot-Curie — Irène Joliot Curie Irène Joliot Curie Naissance 12 septembre 1897 Paris (France) Décès 17 mars 195 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Irène Joliot Curie — Naissance 12 septembre 1897 Paris (France) Décès 17 mars 195 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Irène joliot-curie — Naissance 12 septembre 1897 Paris (France) Décès 17 mars 195 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Irène Joliot-Curie — Irène Joliot Curie …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”