Jackson , John Hughlings
(1835–1911) British neurologist
Jackson was born at Green Hammerton in England and educated at York Hospital and St. Bartholomew's Hospital, London. He received his MD from St. Andrews University in 1860. He served on the staff of the London Hospital as assistant physician (1863) and physician (1874–94) and in 1862 began his long association with the National Hospital for the Paralysed and Epileptic, London. Here he specialized in neurology and ultimately exercised a profound influence on the development of clinical neurology. Through his work with epileptics, he described the condition, now called Jacksonian seizure or Jacksonian epilepsy, in which part of the leg, arm, or face undergoes spasmodic contraction due to local disease of the cerebral cortex in the brain.
Jackson's work supported the findings of Paul Broca and others – that different bodily functions are controlled by different regions of the cerebral cortex. Jackson also described a local paralysis of the tongue and throat caused by disease of the corresponding cranial nerves. This is now known as Jackson's syndrome.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jackson, John Hughlings — born April 4, 1835, Green Hammerton, Yorkshire, Eng. died Oct. 7, 1911, London British neurologist. He showed that most right handed persons with aphasia had disease on the left side of the brain, confirming Paul Broca s findings. In 1863 he… …   Universalium

  • Jackson, John Hughlings — (4 abr. 1835, Green Hammerton, Yorkshire, Inglaterra–7 oct. 1911, Londres). Neurólogo británico. Demostró que la mayoría de las personas diestras con afasia tenían afectado el lado izquierdo del cerebro, confirmando los hallazgos de Paul Broca.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Hughlings Jackson — (* 4. April 1835 in Green Hammerton, Yorkshire (jetzt North Yorkshire); † 7. Oktober 1911 in London) war ein englischer Neurologe. Von besonderer Bedeutung waren seine Forschungen auf den Gebieten der Epilepsie und der Aphasie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Hughlings Jackson — portrait de John Hughlings Jackson John Hughlings Jackson (1835 1911) est un neurologue britannique qui décrivit le fonctionnement neurologique et cérébral sous une forme hiérarchique : les niveaux inférieurs voient leurs fonctions se… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Hughlings Jackson — Infobox Scientist name = John Hughlings Jackson box width = image width =260px caption = Bust of John Hughlings Jackson, resident in the Institute of Neurology, London birth date = March 4, 1835 birth place = Providence Green, Green Hammerton,… …   Wikipedia

  • Hughlings Jackson — John Hughlings Jackson portrait de John Hughlings Jackson John Hughlings Jackson (1835 1911) est un neurologue britannique qui décrivit le fonctionnement neurologique et cérébral sous une forme hiérarchique : les niveaux inférieurs voient… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • JACKSON (J. H.) — JACKSON JOHN HUGHLINGS (1835 1911) Né dans un canton du Yorkshire où son père avait une petite propriété, John Hughlings Jackson commença, à dix sept ans, ses études de médecine à York, dans l’école où professait Thomas Leycock. Auprès de lui, il …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jackson — hace referencia a los siguientes topónimos: ● Jackson (Mississippi): Capital estadounidense del estado de Mississippi (estado). También es un apellido de origen europeo: ● Andrew Jackson: Célebre presidente demócrata estadounidense (1829 1837). ● …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jackson — /jak seuhn/, n. 1. Andrew ( Old Hickory ), 1767 1845, U.S. general: 7th president of the U.S. 1829 37. 2. Lady Barbara. See Ward, Barbara. 3. Helen Hunt (Helen Maria Fiske), 1830 85, U.S. novelist and poet. 4. Jesse L(ouis), born 1941, U.S.… …   Universalium

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”