- Huxley , Sir Julian Sorell
- (1887–1975) British biologistA grandson of T.H. Huxley, Julian Huxley was born in London and graduated in zoology from Oxford University in 1909. He did research on sponges (Porifera) at the Naples Zoological Station (1909–10) before taking up the post of lecturer in biology at Oxford (1910–12). From 1912 until 1916 he worked at the Rice Institute, Houston, Texas, where he met the famous American geneticist Hermann Muller. Before returning to Oxford to take up the post of senior demonstrator in zoology (1919–25) he saw war service in Italy. He was next appointed professor of zoology at King's College, London (1925–27), resigning from this post to devote more time to writing and research.Huxley was a keen ornithologist and published, in 1914, a classic paper on the courtship of the great crested grebe. In the 1930s he was involved in the production of natural-history films, the most notable of which was the highly praised Private Life of the Gannet (1934), which he produced with the help of R.M. Lockley. One of the leading popularizers of science of modern times (especially the years before and just after World War II), Huxley spent much of his life explaining advances in natural science to the layman and in advocating the application of science to the benefit of mankind. To many he is best remembered as a most capable and lucid educationalist, but Huxley was also eminent in many other fields.In 1946 he was appointed the first director-general of UNESCO, a post he held for two years. As an administrator, he also did much to transform the Zoological Society's collections at Regent's Park (London Zoo). Viewing man as “the sole agent of further evolutionary advance on this planet,” he caused considerable controversy by advocating the deliberate physical and mental improvement of the human race through eugenics. Huxley's biological research was also extensive, carrying out work on animal hormones, physiology, ecology, and animal (especially bird) behavior as it relates to evolution. He was president of the Institute of Animal Behaviour and the originator of the term ‘ethology’, now in general use to define the science of animal behavior. He also introduced several other scientific terms, such as cline and clade.Huxley's publications are extensive and include Evolution: the Modern Synthesis (1942, 1963). He was knighted in 1958.
Scientists. Academic. 2011.
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Huxley, Sir Julian (Sorell) — born June 22, 1887, London, Eng. died Feb. 14, 1975, London British biologist, philosopher, and author. He was a grandson of T.H. Huxley and brother of Aldous Huxley. His research on hormones, developmental processes, ornithology, and ethology… … Universalium
Huxley, Sir Julian (Sorell) — (22 jun. 1887, Londres, Inglaterra–14 feb. 1975, Londres). Biólogo, filósofo y autor británico. Nieto de T.H. Huxley y hermano de Aldous Huxley. Sus investigaciones en hormonas, procesos de desarrollo, ornitología y etología influyeron en el… … Enciclopedia Universal
Huxley, Sir Julian — ▪ British biologist in full Sir Julian Sorell Huxley born June 22, 1887, London died Feb. 14, 1975, London English biologist, philosopher, educator, and author who greatly influenced the modern development of embryology, systematics, and… … Universalium
Julian Sorell Huxley — Julian Huxley Sir Julian Huxley Sir Julian Sorell Huxley, FRS (22 juin 1887 – 14 février 1975) est un biologiste, théoricien de l eugénisme, britannique, auteur … Wikipédia en Français
Julian Sorell Huxley — Julian Huxley. Sir Julian Sorell Huxley (* 22. Juni 1887 in London; † 14. Februar 1975 ebenda) war ein englischer Biologe, Philosoph und Schriftsteller. Seine frühen Verhaltensbeobachtungen an Seetauchern und Reihern gehörten zu den ersten… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Huxley — Huxley, Aldous Huxley, Andrew Fielding Huxley, Julian Sorell Huxley, Thomas Henry * * * (as used in expressions) Huxley, Aldous (Leonard) Huxley, Sir Julian (Sorell) Huxley, T(homas) H(enry) … Enciclopedia Universal
Julián — Julián, san ► (s. VII VIII) Noble hispanovisigodo. Para auxiliar a los hijos de Vitiza en su lucha contra Rodrigo, solicitó la ayuda de los árabes y facilitó su paso a la Península. * * * (as used in expressions) Julian Edwin Adderley Bond,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Julian Huxley — Infobox Scientist name = Julian Huxley box width = 280px image width = 240px caption = Julian Huxley as Fellow of New College, Oxford 1922 birth date = 22 June 1887 birth place = London death date = 14 February 1975 death place = residence =… … Wikipedia
Huxley — /huks lee/, n. 1. Aldous (Leonard) /awl deuhs/, 1894 1963, English novelist, essayist, and critic. 2. Sir Andrew Fielding, born 1918, English physiologist: Nobel prize for medicine 1963 (half brother of Aldous and Sir Julian Sorell). 3. Sir… … Universalium
Julian Huxley — Cet article concerne le biologiste britannique. Pour le joueur de rugby à XV australien, voir Julian Huxley (rugby à XV). Sir Julian Huxley Sir Julian Sorell Huxley, FRS (22 … Wikipédia en Français