Houssay , Bernardo Alberto
(1887–1971) Argentinian physiologist
Born in the Argentinian capital, Houssay was the founder and director of the Buenos Aires Institute of Biology and Experimental Medicine. He was also professor of physiology at Buenos Aires from 1910 until 1965, apart from the years 1943–55 when he was relieved of his post by the regime of Juan Perón.
Houssay's work centered upon the role of the pituitary gland in regulating the amount of sugar in the blood, as well as its effects in aggravating or inducing diabetes. Working initially with dogs, he found that diabetic sufferers could have their condition eased by extraction of the pituitary gland, since its hormonal effect is to increase the amount of sugar in the blood and thus counter the influence of insulin. Deliberate injection of pituitary extracts actually increases the severity of diabetes or may induce it when the condition did not previously exist. He was also able to isolate at least one of the pituitary's hormones that had the reverse effect to insulin. Houssay's work on hormones led to his award, in 1947, of the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine, which he shared with Carl and Gerty Cori. He was the author of Human Physiology (1951).

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Houssay, Bernardo Alberto — ▪ Argentine physiologist born April 10, 1887, Buenos Aires, Arg. died Sept. 21, 1971, Buenos Aires       Argentine physiologist and corecipient, with Carl and Gerty Cori (Cori, Carl; and Cori, Gerty), of the 1947 Nobel Prize for Physiology or… …   Universalium

  • Houssay, Bernardo Alberto — ► (1887 1971) Fisiólogo argentino. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1947, compartido con K. F. Cori y Gerty T. Radnitz, por su descubrimiento del papel que desempeña la hormona del lóbulo anterior de la hipófisis en el metabolismo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernardo Alberto Houssay — (* 10. April 1887 in Buenos Aires, Argentinien; † 21. September 1971 ebenda) war ein argentinischer Physiologe. Houssay lieferte wesentliche Arbeiten über Zuckerkrankheit und Zuckerstoffwechsel sowie über die innere Sekretion. Er erhielt 1947 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernardo Alberto Houssay — Bernardo Houssay Bernardo Houssay Bernardo Alberto Houssay (Buenos Aires, 10 avril 1887 idem, 21 septembre 1971) est un physiologiste argentin. Il a reçu le Prix Nobel de physiologie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bernardo Alberto Houssay — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bernardo Houssay Bernardo Alberto Houssay …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bernardo Alberto Houssay — Bernardo A. Houssay (1887 1971), farmacéutico, médico y fisiólogo nacido en Buenos Aires, Argentina, galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Medicina en 1947. Gracias a su trabajo, la fisiología fue la disciplina médica que mayor vigor y desarrollo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1947: Carl Ferdinand Cori — Gerty Theresa Cori — Bernardo Alberto Houssay —   Das amerikanische Ehepaar wurde für die Entdeckung des Ablaufs der katalytischen Umwandlung von Glycogen, der Argentinier für die Entdeckung der Bedeutung der Hormone des Hypophysenvorderlappens für den Zuckerstoffwechsel geehrt.    Biografien… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Houssay — Bernardo Alberto …   Scientists

  • Houssay — Houssay, Bernardo Alberto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernardo A. Houssay — Bernardo Alberto Houssay Bernardo Alberto Houssay (* 10. April 1887 in Buenos Aires, Argentinien; † 21. September 1971 ebenda) war ein argentinischer Physiologe. Houssay lieferte wesentliche Arbeiten über Zuckerkrankheit und Zuckerstoffwechsel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”