Hodgkin , Sir Alan Lloyd
(1914–) British physiologist
Born at Banbury near Oxford, Hodgkin graduated from Cambridge University and became a fellow in 1936. He spent World War II working on radar for the Air Ministry. He then worked at the physiological laboratory at Cambridge, where he served as Foulerton Research Professor from 1952 to 1969 and as professor of biophysics from 1970 until 1981. He also served from 1978 to 1984 as master of Trinity College, Cambridge; he was knighted in 1972.
In 1951, with Andrew Huxley and Bernard Katz, he worked out the sodium theory to explain the difference in action and resting potentials in nerve fibers. Using the single nerve fiber (giant axon) of a squid, they were able to demonstrate that there is an exchange of sodium and potassium ions between the cell and its surroundings during a nervous impulse, which enables the nerve fiber to carry a further impulse. Hodgkin also showed that the nerve fiber's potential for electrical conduction was greater during the actual passage of an impulse than when the fiber is resting. For their work on the ‘sodium pump’ mechanism and the chemical basis of nerve transmission Hodgkin, Huxley, and John Eccles shared the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1963. He is the author of Conduction of the Nervous Impulse(1964). In 1992 he published his autobiography Chance and Design: Reminiscences of Science in Peace and War.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hodgkin,Sir Alan Lloyd — Hodg·kin (hŏjʹkĭn), Sir Alan Lloyd. 1914 1998. British physiologist. He shared a 1963 Nobel Prize for research on nerve cells. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hodgkin, Sir Alan Lloyd — ▪ 1999       British physiologist (b. Feb. 5, 1914, Banbury, Eng. d. Dec. 20, 1998, Cambridge, Eng.), shared (along with his countryman Sir Andrew Huxley and Australian scientist Sir John Eccles) the 1963 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine… …   Universalium

  • Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin — Alan Lloyd Hodgkin Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hodgkin. Alan L. Hodgkin. Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin (5 février 1914 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hodgkin, Sir Alan — ▪ British biophysicist in full  Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin   born February 5, 1914, Banbury, Oxfordshire, England died December 20, 1998, Cambridge  English physiologist and biophysicist, who received (with Andrew Fielding Huxley (Huxley, Sir Andrew… …   Universalium

  • Alan Lloyd Hodgkin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hodgkin. Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin (Banbury, Oxfordshire, 5 février 1914 Cambridge, 20 décembre 1998) fut un physiologiste et biophysicien britannique, lauréat en 1963 du prix Nobel de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alan Lloyd Hodgkin — Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin (* 5. Februar 1914 in Banbury, Oxfordshire, England; † 20. Dezember 1998 in Cambridge, England) war ein englischer Biochemiker, der 1963 gemeinsam mit Sir John Carew Eccles und Andrew Fielding Huxley für die „Entdeckungen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alan Lloyd Hodgkin — Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, OM, KBE, FRS (Banbury, Inglaterra, 5 de febrero de 1914 Cambridge, Inglaterra, 20 de diciembre de 1998) fue un fisiólogo y biofísico británico que ganó en 1963 el Premio Nobel de Fisiología o Medicina por su trabajo con… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alan Lloyd Hodgkin — Infobox scientist name = Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin image size = caption = birth name = birth date = birth date|df=yes|1914|02|05 birth place = Banbury, Oxfordshire, England death date = death date and age|df=yes|1998|12|20|1914|02|05 death place =… …   Wikipedia

  • Alan Lloyd Hodgkin — noun English physiologist who, with Andrew Huxley, discovered the role of potassium and sodium atoms in the transmission of the nerve impulse (1914 1998) • Syn: ↑Hodgkin, ↑Alan Hodgkin, ↑Sir Alan Hodgkin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑physiologist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sir Alan Hodgkin — noun English physiologist who, with Andrew Huxley, discovered the role of potassium and sodium atoms in the transmission of the nerve impulse (1914 1998) • Syn: ↑Hodgkin, ↑Alan Hodgkin, ↑Alan Lloyd Hodgkin • Instance Hypernyms: ↑physiologist …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”