Higgins , William

Higgins , William
(1763–1825) Irish chemist
Born at Colooney in Ireland, Higgins worked in London as a young man with his uncle, Bryan Higgins, the chemist. He studied at Oxford University from 1786 and on his return to Ireland became, in 1791, chemist to the Apothecaries Company of Ireland. He moved to Dublin in 1795 to become chemist and librarian to the Royal Dublin Society, this post being made into a professorship in 1800. From 1795 to 1822 he was chemist to the Irish Linen Board.
Higgins is remembered for his contributions to the new atomic theory and for his claim to have anticipated John Dalton. His claim is based on his work A Comparative View of the Phlogistic and Antiphlogistic Theories with Inductions (1789), which was written as a reply to Richard Kirwan's work.
He introduced a clearer symbolism system than that of Dalton but did not follow up his work on atomism until he published a strong attack on Dalton's work in his eight-volume work Experiments and Observations on the Atomic Theory and Electrical Phenomena (1814).
Higgins spent the intervening years between these publications trying to introduce new chemical technology into Ireland. In 1799 he published an Essay on the Theory and Practice of Bleaching, a work written specifically for the bleachers themselves.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • William R. Higgins — William Richard Higgins William R. Higgins, USMC Nickname Rich Born January 15, 1945 …   Wikipedia

  • William Higgins — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Billy Higgins. Également connu sous le nom de Billy Higgins, William Higgins est un karatéka britannique né à Bootle le 14 août 1945[1]. Il est connu pour avoir été le premier Européen et le deuxième… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Higgins (surname) — Higgins is the surname of:: In politics*Brian Higgins, congressman from New York *Frank W. Higgins, Governor of New York *Joe Higgins, Socialist Party member of Irish Parliament *H. B. Higgins, Australian politician and judge *William L. Higgins… …   Wikipedia

  • William L. Higgins — William Lincoln Higgins (* 8. März 1867 in Chesterfield, Hampshire County, Massachusetts; † 19. November 1951 in Norwich, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1933 und 1937 vertrat er den zweiten Wahlbezirk des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Higgins — bezeichnet: USS Higgins (DDG 76), ein Zerstörer der United States Navy Higgins ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aidan Higgins (* 1927), irischer Schriftsteller Alex Higgins (1949–2010), nordirischer Snookerspieler Andrew Jackson Higgins… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Higgins — may refer to: *William Higgins (chemist), an Irish chemist *William R. Higgins, a United States Marine Corps colonel, killed in Lebanon *William L. Higgins (1867 1951), a U.S. Representative from Connecticut *William Victor Higgins (1884 1949),… …   Wikipedia

  • William Higgins — ist ein US amerikanischer Filmproduzent und Filmregisseur. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Filmografie (Auswahl) 3 Preise und Auszeichnungen (Auswahl) 4 Weblinks …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William R. Coe — William Robertson Coe (June 8, 1869 March 15, 1955) was an insurance company,railroad, and business executive, and philanthropist. Youth, educationWilliam Coe was born in Kingswinford, Staffordshire, England. His father, Frederick Augustus Coe… …   Wikipedia

  • William Tharp Watson — William T. Watson William Tharp Watson (* 6. Juni 1849 in Milford, Delaware; † 14. April 1917 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1895 bis 1897 Gouverneur des Bundesstaates Delaware …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William J. Fitzgerald — William Joseph Fitzgerald (* 2. März 1887 in Norwich, Connecticut; † 6. Mai 1947 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1937 und 1939 sowie nochmals von 1941 bis 1943 vertrat er den zweiten Wahlbezirk des Bundesstaates Connecticut… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.