- Hariot , Thomas
- (1560–1621) English mathematician, astronomer, and physicistHariot (or Harriot) is best known as a pioneer figure in the British school of algebra, although his interests and activities were very wide ranging. Born in Oxford, he was an associate of Sir Walter Raleigh, whom he accompanied on a voyage to Virginia (1585–86) in the capacity of navigator and cartographer. He later wrote a book about this journey – A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia (1588). Among his many innovations in algebra Hariot introduced a number of greatly simplified notations. His central mathematical achievements were in the theory of equations where he discovered important relationships between the coefficients of equations and their roots. This work was published in his Artis analyticae praxis ad aequationes algebraicas resolvendas(1631; The Analytical Arts Applied to Solving Algebraic Equations).Outside mathematics Hariot's achievements as a practical astronomer were noteworthy. He designed and constructed telescopes and made detailed studies of comets and sunspots. Independently of Galileo he discovered the moons of Jupiter. Hariot also discovered the law governing the refraction of light. He was granted a pension by the earl of Northumberland and was briefly imprisoned along with the earl during the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Hariot conducted numerous experiments in a variety of fields including optics, ballistics, and meteorology. However he published few of his discoveries and it was only after his death that their extent was realized from his voluminous notes and papers.
Scientists. Academic. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Thomas Harriot — (c. 1560 – 2 July 1621) was an English astronomer, mathematician, ethnographer, and translator. Some sources give his surname as Harriott or Hariot. He is sometimes credited with the introduction of the potato to Great Britain and Ireland [ [http … Wikipedia
Thomas Harriot — 1602 Thomas Harriot (* 1560 in Oxford; † 2. Juli 1621 in Sion House bei Isleworth, Surrey) war ein englischer Mathematiker, Naturphilosoph und Astronom. Er gründete die English School of Algebra … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas Harriot — Portrait présumé de Thomas Harriot, 1602. Thomas Harriot, Harriott, Hariot, voire Heriot, né à Oxford en 1560 et mort à Londres le 2 juillet 1621, est un mathématicien et astronome anglais. On lui doit, avec F … Wikipédia en Français
Thomas Harriot — Retrato de Thomas Harriot en 1602. Thomas Harriot (Oxford, 1560 – Londres, 2 de julio de 1621) fue un astrónomo, matemático, etnógrafo y traductor inglés. Fue el creador de varios símbolos y notaciones emplegados en álgebra usados hasta ahora … Wikipedia Español
Hariot — Recorded in Europe in some four hundred surnames spelling forms since the medieval times, this name is a derivative of the pre 7th century German personal name Heim ric , meaning home rule . Compound names of this type, were very popular in the… … Surnames reference
Harriot, Thomas — ▪ English mathematician and astronomer also spelled Hariot born 1560, Oxford, Eng. died July 2, 1621, London mathematician, astronomer, and investigator of the natural world. Little is known of him before he received his bachelor s… … Universalium
Sir Thomas Abdy, 1st Baronet, of Albyns — Sir Thomas Neville Abdy, 1st Baronet DL, JP (21 December 1810 ndash; 20 July 1877) was a British politician.The son of Captain Anthony Abdy and Grace Rich, he was educated in Winchester Cathedral in Hampshire and St John s College, Cambridge,… … Wikipedia
Lumbee — Infobox Ethnic group group = Lumbee pop = 53,000Fact|date=August 2008 regions = flagcountry|United States region1 = flagicon|North Carolina North Carolina pop1 = region2 = flagicon|Virginia Virginia pop2 = langs = English rels = related =The… … Wikipedia
Roanoke Colony — Lost Colony redirects here. For other uses, see Lost Colony (disambiguation). Coordinates: 35°55′42″N 75°42′15″W / 35.928259°N 75.704098°W / … Wikipedia
Harriot — Thomas Harriot 1602 Thomas Harriot (* 1560 in Oxford; † 2. Juli 1621 in Sion House bei Isleworth, Surrey) war ein englischer Mathematiker, Naturphilosoph und Astronom. Er gründete die English School of Algebra … Deutsch Wikipedia