Guyton de Morveau , Baron Louis Bernard
(1737–1816) French chemist
Born at Dijon in France, Guyton began his career as a lawyer; as a member of the Burgundy parliament (1755–82), however, he met the great Georges Buffon who encouraged his interest in science. In 1782 he gave up law to devote himself to science and he collaborated with Antoine Lavoisier. During the revolutionary period he reentered politics. He was a founder of and teacher at the Ecole Polytechnique (1795–1805) and in 1800 became master of the mint until his retirement in 1814.
In the period 1776–77 Guyton published his three-volumeEléments de chimie théorique et pratique (Rudiments of Theoretical and Practical Chemistry), which was a major attempt to quantify chemical affinities. Guyton was a passionate Newtonian and tried to apply Newtonian laws to chemistry. He tried to do this by floating disks of various metals on mercury and measuring the force necessary to remove them. Thus he obtained figures such as gold needs a force of 446 grains to remove it, lead 397, zinc 204, iron 115, and cobalt 8. He attempted to correlate his figures with the chemical affinities of the elements.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guyton de Morveau — Louis Bernard Guyton Morveau Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau. Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, devenu Louis Bernard Guyton Morveau après la Révolution, né à Dijon (Côte d Or) le 4 janvier 1737 et mort à Paris le 2  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau — Born 4 …   Wikipedia

  • Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau — Guyton Morveau Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, auch Guyton Morveau (* 4. Januar 1737 in Dijon; † 2. Januar 1816 in Paris) war ein französischer Chemiker und Politiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guyton de Morveau —   [gitɔ̃dmɔr vo], Louis Bernard Baron (seit 1811), französischer Jurist und Chemiker, * Dijon 4. 1. 1737, ✝ Paris 2. 1. 1816. Guyton de Morveau errichtete 1783 die erste französische Sodafabrik; war seit 1794 Professor an der späteren École… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Guyton de Morveau — (spr. Gütong d Morwoh), Louis Bernard, geb. 1737 in Dijon; war 1755 bis 1782 Generaladvocat in Dijon, wurde 1774 Kanzler der Akademie in Dijon, auch Professor der Chemie, Mineralogie u. Arzneimittellehre daselbst, dann lebte er in Dijon u. Paris …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Guyton de Morveau, Louis-Bernard, baron — (1737 1816)    magistrate, chemist    Born in Dijon, where he served as attorney general to the Parlement (1755), Louis Bernard, baron Guyton de Morveau was, during the revolution of 1789, elected as a deputy to the Legislative Assembly and then… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Guyton de Morveau, Louis Bernard — ▪ French chemist and educator Introduction born Jan. 4, 1737, Dijon, France died Jan. 2, 1816, Paris       French chemist who played a major part in the reform of chemical nomenclature. Lawyer to chemist       The son of a lawyer, Guyton added… …   Universalium

  • Louis-Bernard Guyton-Morveau — Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau Portrait gravé au « physionotrace » du baron Guyton de Morveau par Quenedey, coll. Tissandier Parlementaire français Date de naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis-bernard guyton-morveau — Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau. Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, devenu Louis Bernard Guyton Morveau après la Révolution, né à Dijon (Côte d Or) le 4 janvier 1737 et mort à Paris le 2  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Bernard Guyton-Morveau — Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau. Louis Bernard Guyton de Morveau, devenu Louis Bernard Guyton Morveau après la Révolution, né à Dijon (Côte d Or) le 4 janvier 1737 et mort à Paris le 2  …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”