Golgi , Camillo
(1843–1926) Italian cytologist and histologist
Born at Corteno near Brescia (now in Italy), Golgi studied medicine at Pavia University and thereafter mainly concerned himself with research on cells and tissues. In 1873, while serving as physician at the home for incurables, Abbiategrasso, he devised a method of staining cells by means of silver salts. This allowed the fine processes of nerve cells to be distinguished in greater detail than before and enabled Golgi to confirm Wilhelm von Waldeyer's view that nerve cells do not touch but are separated by gaps called synapses. Golgi also found a specialized type of nerve cell, later called the Golgi cell, which, by means of fingerlike projections (dendrites), serves to connect many other nerve cells. This discovery led to the formulation (by Waldeyer) and establishment (by Santiago Ramón y Cajal) of the neuron theory – a theory that Golgi was nevertheless strongly opposed to.
Golgi was also the first to draw attention to the Golgi bodies: flattened cavities parallel to the cell's nuclear membrane whose function appears to be packaging and exporting various materials from the cell. Apart from work on the sense organs, muscles, and glands, Golgi studied varying forms of malaria. He found that different species of the protozoan parasite Plasmodium are responsible for the two types of intermittent fever – the tertian and quartan. He also established that the onset of fever coincides with the release into the blood of the parasitic spores from the red blood cells.
Golgi served as professor of histology (1876) and then of general pathology (1881) at Pavia University. In 1906 he shared with Ramón y Cajal the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for his work on the structure of the human nervous system.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Golgi, Camillo — Médico patólogo e histólogo italiano nacido en 1843. Describió el orgánulo celular que se denominó posteriormente con su nombre e inventó un método de tinción específico para las células nerviosas. En 1906 recibió el premio Nobel de Medicina y… …   Diccionario médico

  • GOLGI Camillo — (1843 1926) (retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/historiamedicina/personas/golgi.htm]: Patólogo italiano que realizó importantes descubrimientos sobre la estructura y función de células nerviosas. Inventó la tinción que lleva su nombre a base de… …   Diccionario médico

  • Golgi, Camillo — (1843–1926)    Born in the small mountain village of Corteno, near Brescia (Lombardy), Camillo Golgi won the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1906 (the same year Giosue Carducci won the literature prize). Golgi studied at the University of Pavia in the …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Golgi, Camillo — (7 jul. 1843/44, Corteno, Italia–21 ene. 1926, Pavía). Médico y citólogo italiano. Ideó una forma de teñir el tejido nervioso con lo que descubrió una neurona, denominada actualmente célula de Golgi, que posee numerosas extensiones cortas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Golgi, Camillo — born July 7, 1843/44, Corteno, Italy died Jan. 21, 1926, Pavia Italian physician and cytologist. He devised a way to stain nerve tissue and with it discovered a neuron, now called the Golgi cell, that has many short, branching extensions… …   Universalium

  • Golgi,Camillo — Gol·gi (gōlʹjē), Camillo. 1844? 1926. Italian histologist. He shared a 1906 Nobel Prize for research on the structure of the nervous system. * * * …   Universalium

  • Golgi — Camillo …   Scientists

  • Golgi — Camillo Golgi Camillo Golgi (* 7. Juli 1843 oder 1844 in Corteno Golgi, Brescia, Italien; † 21. Januar 1926 in Pavia, Italien) war ein italienischer Mediziner und Physiologe. Er erhielt den Nobelpreis für Medizin im Jahr 1906 gemeinsam mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Camillo Golgi — Naissance 7 juillet 1843 Corteno, Lombardie (Italie) Décès 21 janvier 1926 Pavie ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Camillo Golgi — Bartolomeo Camillo Golgi Nacimiento 7 de julio de …   Wikipedia Español

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