Goldschmidt , Victor Moritz
(1888–1947) Swiss–Norwegian chemist
Goldschmidt, the son of H.J. Goldschmidt, a physical chemist, was born at Zurich in Switzerland. He attended Christiania (now Oslo) University where he obtained his PhD in 1911, remaining in Norway as director of the Mineralogical Institute until 1929 when he moved to the University of Göttingen in Germany. Being a Jew he returned to Norway in 1935, following the rise of anti-Semitism and the Nazi party. He was later sent to a concentration camp but was released by the Norwegian authorities on the grounds of ill health and escaped to England (1942). His time in England was spent first at the Macaulay Institute for Soil Research near Aberdeen, and later at the Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden. He returned to Oslo after the war.
Goldschmidt is acknowledged as the founder of modern geochemistry. Following the work of Max von Laue and W.H. and W.L. Bragg, he laid the foundation for his work by working out the crystal structure of over 200 compounds. His interest was directed to more practical work when, as a result of the naval blockade in the war, he was called upon to investigate Norway's mineral resources.
By the mid-1920s the atomic radii of elements in various stages of ionization had been established. Using this information, together with his detailed knowledge of crystal structure, Goldschmidt began predicting in which minerals and rocks various elements could or could not be found. His results were published over the years in his eight-volume Geochemische Verteilungsgesetze der Elemente (1923–38; The Geochemical Laws of the Distribution of the Elements). His bookGeochemistry was published posthumously in 1954.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Goldschmidt, Victor Moritz — born Jan. 27, 1888, Zürich, Switz. died March 20, 1947, Oslo, Nor. Swiss born Norwegian mineralogist and petrologist. He became director of the Mineralogical Institute of the University of Kristiania (now Oslo) in 1914. The dearth of raw… …   Universalium

  • Goldschmidt, Victor Moritz — (27 ene. 1888, Zurich, Suiza–20 mar. 1947, Oslo, Noruega). Mineralogista y petrologista noruego nacido en Suiza. Llegó a ser director del Instituto mineralógico de la Universidad de Cristianía (ahora Oslo) en 1914. La escasez de materias primas… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Goldschmidt, Victor Moritz — (1888 1947)    Norwegian mineralogist. Born in Zurich, he studied at Heidelberg and at the University of Christiania. He was an instructor at the University of Christiania, and became a professor at the Mineralogical Institute. Later he taught at …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Victor Moritz Goldschmidt — Victor Goldschmidt (chimiste) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Victor Goldschmidt et Goldschmidt. Victor Moritz Goldschmidt (né le 27 janvier 1888 à Zurich, mort le 20 mars 1947 à Oslo) est un chimiste considéré comme le co fondateur avec… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GOLDSCHMIDT, VICTOR — (1853–1933), German crystallographer and inventor. Goldschmidt, who was born in Mainz, was appointed teacher at Heidelberg University in 1888, and professor in 1893. Among his publications were Index der Krystallformen der Mineralien (3 vols.,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Victor Moritz Goldschmidt — (* 27. Januar 1888 in Zürich; † 20. März 1947 in Vestre Aker bei Oslo) war ein bedeutender Geochemiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 Siehe auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victor Moritz Goldschmidt — de joven …   Wikipedia Español

  • Victor goldschmidt (chimiste) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Victor Goldschmidt et Goldschmidt. Victor Moritz Goldschmidt (né le 27 janvier 1888 à Zurich, mort le 20 mars 1947 à Oslo) est un chimiste considéré comme le co fondateur avec Vladimir Vernadski de la géochimie… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GOLDSCHMIDT (V. M.) — GOLDSCHMIDT VICTOR MORITZ (1888 1947) Minéralogiste et pétrologue norvégien, né à Zurich, Victor Moritz Goldschmidt a jeté les bases de la cristallochimie minérale et créé la géochimie moderne. Sa première publication, maintenant classique, Die… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Víctor — (del lat. «victor», vencedor) m. e interj. Vítor. * * * víctor. (Del lat. victor, vencedor). interj. vítor. U. t. c. s. * * * Víctor, san ► Nombre de varios papas y antipapas. ► Víctor I, san (m. 199) Pontífice romano en 189 199. Combatió el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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