Giaever , Ivar
(1929–) Norwegian–American physicist
Born in Bergen, Norway, Giaever studied electrical engineering at the Norwegian Institute of Technology. He did service with the Norwegian Army (1952–53) and worked as a patent examiner in the Norwegian Patent Office (1953–54). In 1954 he emigrated to Canada to take up the post of mechanical engineer with the Canadian General Electric Company, transferring to General Electric's Research and Development Center in Schenectady, New York, in 1956. He gained his doctorate in 1964 from the New York Rensselear Polytechnical Institute, where he became professor of physics in 1988.
At General Electric, Giaever worked on tunneling effects in superconductors, a phenomenon explored by Leo Esaki. In 1960 he performed experiments with metals separated by a thin insulating film through which electrons tunneled, and found that if one of the metals was in the superconducting state, the current–voltage characteristics of such junctions were highly nonlinear and revealed much about the superconducting state. This laid the foundation for Brian Josephson's important discovery of the Josephson effect.
Giaever, Josephson, and Esaki shared the 1973 Nobel Prize for physics for their various contributions to knowledge of the phenomenon of tunneling and superconductivity. Their work has had important application in microelectronics and in the precise measurement of electromotive force.
Subsequently, Giaever has also published work in the field of visual observation of the antibody-antigen reaction.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giaever, Ivar — ▪ American physicist born April 5, 1929, Bergen, Nor.       Norwegian born American physicist who shared the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1973 with Leo Esaki (Esaki, Leo) and Brian Josephson (Josephson, Brian D.) for work in solid state physics.… …   Universalium

  • Giaever, Ivar — ► (n. 1929) Físico estadounidense. Fue premio Nobel de Física en 1973, compartido con L. Esaki y B. D. Josephson, por sus trabajos sobre el «efecto túnel» …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giaever — Ivar …   Scientists

  • Giaever — Giaever, Ivar …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ivar Giaever — Nacimiento 5 de abril de 1929 (82 años) Bergen …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ivar Giaever — (ursprüngliche Schreibweise: Ivar Giæver; * 5. April 1929 in Bergen, Norwegen) ist ein norwegisch amerikanischer Physiker. Giaever absolvierte von 1948 bis 1952 ein Ingenieursstudium am Norwegischen Institut für Technologie in Trondheim. 1954… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giaever — Ivar Giaever (ursprüngliche Schreibweise: Ivar Giæver),(* 5. April 1929 in Bergen, Norwegen) ist ein norwegisch amerikanischer Physiker. Giaever absolvierte von 1948 bis 1952 ein Ingenieursstudium am Norwegischen Institut für Technologie in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ivar Giæver — Ivar Giaever Ivar Giaever (originellement écrit Giæver), né le 5 avril 1929 à Bergen, est un physicien norvégien qui a partagé en 1973 le prix Nobel de physique avec Leo Esaki et Brian David Josephson pour leurs travaux dans le domaine… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ivar Giaever — (né Ivar Giæver le 5 avril 1929 à Bergen, Norvège) est un physicien norvégien. Leo Esaki et lui sont colauréats de la moitié du prix Nobel de physique de 1973[1]. Biographie Ivar Giaever sort diplômé en ingénierie mécanique de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ivar — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Verbreitung 3 Bekannte Namensträger 3.1 Vorname …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”