Enders , John Franklin
(1897–1985) American microbiologist
Enders, the son of a wealthy banker from West Hartford in Connecticut, was educated at Yale and Harvard where he obtained his PhD in 1930. His career was somewhat delayed by the war, in which he served as a flying instructor, and also by his initial intention to study Germanic and Celtic languages. This was upset by the influence of the bacteriologist Hans Zinsser who ‘seduced’ Enders into science in the late 1920s.
In 1946 Enders set up an Infectious Diseases Laboratory at the Boston Children's Hospital; it was here that he did the work to be later described as opening up a “new epoch in the history of virus research.” This referred to his success, in collaboration with Thomas Weller and Frederick Robbins, in 1949 in cultivating polio virus in test tube cultures of human tissue for the first time. They further demonstrated that the virus could be grown on a wide variety of tissue and not just nerve cells.
This at last allowed the polio virus to be studied, typed, and produced in quantity. Without such an advance the triumphs of Albert Sabin and Jonas Salk in developing a vaccine against polio in the 1950s would have been impossible. In 1954 Enders, Weller, and Robbins were awarded the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.
By this time Enders had already begun to work on the cultivation of the measles virus. This time, working with T. Peebles, they followed up their success in cultivating the virus with, in 1957, the production of the first measles vaccine.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Enders,John Franklin — En·ders (ĕnʹdərz), John Franklin. 1897 1985. American bacteriologist. He shared a 1954 Nobel Prize for work on the cultivatiion of the polio virus. * * * …   Universalium

  • Enders, John Franklin — ▪ American microbiologist born Feb. 10, 1897, West Hartford, Conn., U.S. died Sept. 8, 1985, Waterford, Conn.  American virologist and microbiologist who, with Frederick C. Robbins and Thomas H. Weller, was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology… …   Universalium

  • John Franklin Enders — John Franklin Enders. John Franklin Enders (1897 1985) : Nace en West Hartford Connecticut, EE. UU. Realizó todos sus estudios en la Universidad Harvard, donde se doctoró con tesis sobre Bacteriología e Inmunología. Se especializa en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Franklin Enders — John Enders John Enders Naissance 10 février 1897 West Hartford dans le Connecticut (États Unis) Décès 8 septembre 1985 Waterford dans le Connecticut (États Unis) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Franklin Enders — (February 10 1897 ndash; September 8 1985) was an American medical scientist and Nobel laureate.Enders was born in West Hartford, Connecticut and was educated at the Noah Webster School at Hartford and St. Paul s School in Concord, New Hampshire …   Wikipedia

  • John Franklin (disambiguation) — John Franklin may refer to: *John Franklin (Sir) (1786 ndash;1847), British naval officer, Arctic explorer, and colonial lieutenant governor *John Rankin Franklin (1820 ndash;1878), American Whig politician who represented Maryland s 1st… …   Wikipedia

  • John Franklin Enders — (1897 1985) : Nace en West Hartford Conneticut,EE.UU..Realizó todos sus estudios en la Universidad de Harvard, donde se doctoró con tesis sobre Bacteriología e Inmunología. Se especializa en Virología, con dedicación especial a las resistencias… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Franklin Enders — Bronzebüste von Enders in der Polio Hall of Fame John Franklin Enders (* 10. Februar 1897 in West Hartford, Connecticut, USA; † 8. September 1985 in Waterford, Connecticut, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Virologe. Er erhielt 1954 den Nobelpreis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1954: John Franklin Enders — Frederick Chapman Robbins — Thomas Huckle Weller —   Die amerikanischen Bakteriologen wur den dafür ausgezeichnet, dass sie die Fähigkeit des spinalen Poliomyelitis Virus entdeckt hatten, in Kulturen verschiedener Gewebetypen zu wachsen.    Biografien   John Franklin Enders, * West Hartford… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Enders — John Franklin …   Scientists

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