Elton , Charles Sutherland
(1900–1991) British ecologist
Born in Liverpool, Elton graduated in zoology from Oxford University in 1922. He was assistant to Julian Huxley on the Oxford University expedition to Spitzbergen (1921), where Elton carried out ecological studies of the region's animal life. Further Arctic expeditions were made in 1923, 1924, and 1930. Such experience prompted his appointment as biological consultant to the Hudson's Bay Company, for which he carried out investigations into variations in the numbers of fur-bearing animals, using trapper's records dating back to 1736. In 1932 Elton helped establish the Bureau of Animal Population at Oxford – an institution that subsequently became an international center for information on and research into animal numbers and their ecology. In the same year he became editor of the new Journal of Animal Ecology, launched by the British Ecological Society, and in 1936 was appointed reader in animal ecology as well as a senior research fellow by Oxford University.
Elton was one of the first biologists to study animals in relation to their environment and other animals and plants. His demonstration of the nature of food chains and cycles, as well as such topics as the reasons for differences in animal numbers, were discussed inAnimal Ecology (1927). In 1930 Animal Ecology and Evolutionwas published in which he advanced the notion that animals were not invariably at the mercy of their environment but commonly, perhaps through migration, practiced environmental selection by changing their habitats. Work on the rodent population of Britain, and how it is affected by a changing environment, was turned to eminently practical account at the outbreak of World War II when Elton conducted intensive research into methods of controlling rats and mice and thus conserving food for the war effort. Voles, Mice and Lemmings: Problems in Population Dynamics was published in 1942, and The Control of Rats and Mice in 1954, the latter becoming accepted as the standard work on the subject.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Charles Sutherland Elton — Born 1900 Manchester, England Died 1991 Oxford, England …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Sutherland Elton — Nacimiento 29 de marzo de 1900 Mánchester, Inglaterra Fallecimiento 1 de mayo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Charles Sutherland Elton — (* 29. März 1900 in Liverpool; † 1. Mai 1991 in Oxford) war ein britischer Ökologe und Zoologe. Auf ihn wird der Beginn der modernen Tierökologie zurückgeführt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Sutherland Elton — est un écologue et un zoologiste britannique, né le 29 mars 1900 à Withington et mort le 1er mai 1991 à Oxford. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Annexes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Elton, Charles — ▪ English biologist Introduction in full  Charles Sutherland Elton   born March 29, 1900, Liverpool, Eng. died May 1, 1991, Oxford, Oxfordshire       English biologist credited with framing the basic principles of modern animal ecology. Early… …   Universalium

  • Charles Elton — Charles Sutherland Elton (* 29. März 1900 in Liverpool; † 1. Mai 1991 in Oxford) war ein britischer Ökologe und Zoologe. Auf ihn wird der Beginn der modernen Tierökologie zurückgeführt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Elton — may refer to: Charles Isaac Elton (1839–1900), English lawyer, politician, writer and antiquarian Charles Sutherland Elton (1900–1991), English biologist Charles Elton (police), Chief of Police in Los Angeles, California (1900–1904) Charles… …   Wikipedia

  • Elton — can refer to several people and places.;As a placename: * Elton, Cambria County, Pennsylvania * Elton, Cambridgeshire, England (formerly Elton, Huntingdonshire) * Elton, Cheshire, England * Elton, County Durham, England * Elton, Derbyshire,… …   Wikipedia

  • Elton — steht für: den Vornamen von z. B. Elton Brand, Basketballspieler Elton Dean, Saxophonist Elton Gallegly, Politiker Elton John, britischer Sänger, Komponist und Pianist Elton Mayo, Psychologe und Soziologe den Künstlernamen Elton (Moderator) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sutherland — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Le Sutherland est un comté des Highlands en Écosse. Les émigrants écossais utilisèrent ce nom pour d autres régions dans le monde. Sutherland est aussi un …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”