Dubos , René Jules
(1901–1982) French–American microbiologist
Dubos was born in Saint Brice, France, and graduated in agricultural sciences from the National Agronomy Institute in 1921. After a period with the International Institute of Agriculture in Rome as assistant editor, he emigrated to America in 1924.
Dubos was awarded his PhD in 1927 from Rutgers University for research on soil microorganisms, continuing his work in this field at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. Reports that soil microorganisms produce antibacterial substances particularly interested him and in 1939 he isolated a substance from Bacillus brevis that he named tyrothricin. This is effective against many types of bacteria but unfortunately also kills red blood cells and its medical use is therefore limited. However, the discovery stimulated such workers as Selman Waksman and Benjamin Duggar to search for useful antibiotics and led to the discovery of the tetracyclines. He won the 1969 Pulitzer Prize for his book So Human an Animal.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dubos, René (Jules) — born Feb. 20, 1901, Saint Brice, France died Feb. 20, 1982, New York, N.Y., U.S. French born U.S. microbiologist and environmentalist. He immigrated to the U.S. in 1924 and earned his Ph.D. from Rutgers University. His pioneering research in… …   Universalium

  • Dubos, René (Jules) — (20 feb. 1901, Saint Brice, Francia–20 feb. 1982, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.). Microbiólogo y ambientalista estadounidense nacido en Francia. En 1924 emigró a EE.UU. y obtuvo su Ph.D. en la Universidad Rutgers. Su investigación pionera en el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dubos, René — ▪ American microbiologist in full  René Jules Dubos  born Feb. 20, 1901, Saint Brice, France died Feb. 20, 1982, New York, N.Y., U.S.       French born American microbiologist, environmentalist, and author whose pioneering research in isolating… …   Universalium

  • Jules — /joohlz/; Fr. /zhyuul/, n. a male given name, French form of Julius. * * * (as used in expressions) Ayer Sir Alfred Jules Bordet Jules Jean Baptiste–Vincent Dubos René Jules Dumont d Urville Jules Sébastien César Feiffer Jules Ferry Jules… …   Universalium

  • René — (as used in expressions) Chateaubriand François Auguste René viscount of Chirac Jacques René Chouteau René Auguste Clair René René Lucien Chomette Descartes René Dubos René Jules Haüy René Just Hébert Jacques René La Salle René Robert Cavelier… …   Universalium

  • Jules — (as used in expressions) Ayer, Sir A(lfred) J(ules) Bordet, Jules (Jean Baptiste Vincent) Dubos, René (Jules) Dumont d Urville, Jules (Sébastien César) Feiffer, Jules Ferry, Jules (François Camille) Feydeau, Georges (Léon Jules Marie) Goncourt,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • René — ► sustantivo femenino ANATOMÍA Riñón, glándula secretoria de la orina. * * * rene (del lat. «ren, renis») f. *Riñón. * * * rene. (Del lat. ren, renis). f. riñón. * * * (as used in expressions) Chateaubriand, (François Auguste) René, vizconde de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • René Dubos — René Jules Dubos Born 20 February 1901(1901 02 20) Saint Brice sous Forêt, France[1] Died …   Wikipedia

  • Rene Dubos — René Dubos Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dubos. René Dubos René Dubos, né à Saint Brice sous Forêt le 20 février …   Wikipédia en Français

  • René Dubost — René Dubos Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dubos. René Dubos René Dubos, né à Saint Brice sous Forêt le 20 février …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”