- Domagk , Gerhard
- (1895–1964) German biochemistDomagk, who was born in Lagow, now in Poland, graduated in medicine from the University of Kiel in 1921 and began teaching at the University of Greifswald and later at the University of Münster. At this time he carried out important researches into phagocytes – special cells that attack bacteria in the body.He became interested in chemotherapy and in 1927 he was appointed director of research in experimental pathology and pathological anatomy at the giant chemical factory I.G. Farbenindustrie at Wuppertal-Elberfeld. Pursuing the ideas of Paul Ehrlich, Domagk tested new dyes produced by the Elberfeld chemists for their effect against various infections. In 1935 he reported the effectiveness of an orange-red dye called prontosil in combating streptococcal infections. For the first time a chemical had been found to be active in vivo against a common small bacterium. Earlier dyes used as drugs were active only against infections caused by much larger protozoa.The work was followed up in research laboratories throughout the world – Alexander Fleming neglected penicillin to work on prontosil in the early 1930s – but the most significant ramifications were discovered by Daniele Bovet and his co-workers. Prontosil and the sulfa drugs that followed were effective in saving many lives, including those of Franklin D. Rooseveldt Jr., Winston Churchill, and Domagk's own daughter. In 1939 Domagk was offered the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine. The Nazis forced him to withdraw his acceptance because Hitler was annoyed with the Nobel Committee for awarding the 1935 Peace Prize to a German, Carl von Ossietzky, whom Hitler had imprisoned. In 1947 Domagk was finally able to accept the prize. In his later years he undertook drug research into cancer and tuberculosis.
Scientists. Academic. 2011.
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Domagk, Gerhard — born Oct. 30, 1895, Lagow, Brandenburg, Ger. died April 24, 1964, Burgberg, near Königsfeld, W.Ger. German bacteriologist and pathologist. While director of the Bayer Laboratory for Experimental Pathology and Bacteriology, Domagk noticed the… … Universalium
Domagk, Gerhard — ► (1895 1964) Médico alemán. Descubridor de las sulfamidas e investigador de la tuberculosis y del cáncer. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1939, al que tuvo que renunciar por imposición política nazi. * * * (30 oct. 1895, Lagow,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Domagk, Gerhard — German physician and chemist (1893 1946) who discovered the first sulfa drug, prontosil, which ushered in the era of antibacterial medicine. For more information, see Prontosil … Medical dictionary
Domagk — Domagk, Gerhard … Enciclopedia Universal
Gerhard Domagk — Born 30 October 1895 Lagow, Brandenburg Died 24 April 1964 (aged 68) Burgberg … Wikipedia
Domagk — Gerhard Johannes Paul Domagk (* 30. Oktober 1895 in Lagow, Brandenburg; † 24. April 1964 in Königsfeld im Schwarzwald) war ein deutscher Pathologe und Bakteriologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Auszeichnungen (Auswahl) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gerhard Domagk — Nombre Gerhard Johannes Paul Domagk Nacimiento … Wikipedia Español
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Gerhard — (as used in expressions) Domagk Gerhard Gesell Gerhard Alden Krebs Edwin Gerhard Richter Gerhard Scharnhorst Gerhard Johann David von Schröder Gerhard * * * … Universalium
Gerhard Domagk — Gerhard Johannes Paul Domagk (* 30. Oktober 1895 in Lagow, Brandenburg; † 24. April 1964 in Königsfeld im Schwarzwald) war ein deutscher Pathologe und Bakteriologe und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Auszeichnungen (Auswahl) … Deutsch Wikipedia