Andrews , Thomas
(1813–1885) Irish physical chemist
The son of a linen merchant from Belfast (now in Northern Ireland), Andrews studied chemistry under Thomas Thomson at Glasgow, under Jean Dumas in Paris, and under Justus von Liebig at Giessen. He also studied medicine at Edinburgh and obtained his MD in 1835. He practiced medicine in Belfast before becoming vice-president of Queen's College, Belfast, in 1845 and professor of chemistry in 1849.
Andrews made experimental studies on the heat evolved in chemical reactions and also showed that ozone is an allotrope of oxygen. He was a brilliant experimentalist and his work on the liquefaction of gases brought order to a confused subject. Andrews performed a famous series of experiments on the variation of the volume of carbon dioxide gas with pressure. He studied the behavior of the gas at different temperatures, and showed that there was a certain temperature – the critical temperature – above which the gas could not be liquefied by pressure alone. This work, which was published as On the Continuity of the Liquid and Gaseous States of Matter (1869) led to the liquefaction of those gases previously held to be ‘permanent’ gases.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Andrews, Thomas — ▪ Irish chemist born Dec. 19, 1813, Belfast, Ire. died Nov. 26, 1885, Belfast  chemist and physicist who established the concepts of critical temperature and pressure and showed that a gas will pass into the liquid state, and vice versa, without… …   Universalium

  • ANDREWS, THOMAS —    an eminent physicist, born and professor in Belfast (1813 1885) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Andrews — Thomas …   Scientists

  • Andrews's — Andrews , Thomas …   Scientists

  • Thomas Andrews — Thomas Andrews. Thomas Andrews Jr. (7 de febrero de 1873 15 de abril de 1912) (39 años ) fue un diseñador y constructor de barcos irlandés británico. Fue el director y jefe del departamento de construcción de barcos de la compañía Harland Wolff… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas Andrews (Schiffsarchitekt) — Thomas Andrews Thomas Andrews, Jr. (* 7. Februar 1873 in Comber, County Down; † 15. April 1912 im Nordatlantik beim Untergang der Titanic) war ein irischer Schiffsarchitekt. Leben Andrews war der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Stewart — was an illegitimate son of King Robert II of Scotland. Thomas was one of dozens of Robert s children, and, as with his other bastards, the father earnestly sought a career for his son. In 1380, Avignon Pope Clement VII provided Thomas with the… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Andrews (Wissenschaftler) — Thomas Andrews Thomas Andrews (* 19. Dezember 1813 in Belfast; † 26. November 1885 ebenda) war ein irischer Physiker und Chemiker. Leben und Wirken Er besuchte die Belfast Academy und das Academical Institution. 1828 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Andrews — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Andrews. Thomas Andrews Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thomas Andrews (shipbuilder) — Infobox Person name = Thomas Andrews image size = 200px caption = birth name = birth date = 7 February 1873 birth place = Comber, County Down, Ireland death date = 15 April 1912 (aged 39 years) death place = RMS Titanic (sunk), Atlantic Ocean… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”