Desmarest , Nicolas
(1725–1815) French geologist
Desmarest was the son of a school teacher from Soulaines-Dhuys in France. He first came to notice when he won a prize essay set by the Amiens Academy in 1751 on whether England and France had ever been joined together. Working for a while in Paris as an editor of scholarly works, he eventually started work for the department of commerce in 1757 investigating and reporting on various trades and industries. He served as inspector-general of manufactures (1788–91).
In 1763, following the work of Jean Guettard, he noticed large basalt deposits and traced these back to ancient volcanic activity in the Auvergne region. He mapped the area and worked out the geology of the volcanoes and their eruptions in great detail, publishing his work in the Encyclopédie of 1768. This work disproved the theory that all rocks were sedimentary by revealing basalt's igneous origins. He later produced an influential work,Géographie physique (1794; Physical Geography).

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Desmarest, Nicolas — ▪ French geologist born Sept. 16, 1725, Soulaines, France died Sept. 28, 1815, Paris       French geologist whose discovery of the volcanic origin of basalt disproved the Neptunist theory that all rocks were formed by sedimentation from primeval… …   Universalium

  • Nicolas Desmarest — Born 16 September 1725 Soulaines Dhuys …   Wikipedia

  • Nicolas Desmarest — Nicolas Desmarest, né en 1725 à Soulaines et mort à Paris le 28 septembre 1815, est un géographe français. De parents peu riches, Desmarest fit ses études chez les Oratoriens de Troyes, et réussit surtout dans les mathématiques et la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicolas Desmarest — (* 16. September 1725 in Soulaines; † 28. September 1815 in Paris) war ein französischer Geologe. Sein Sohn war der Zoologe Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest. In den 1760er Jahren wies er den vulkanischen Ursprung des Basalts nach (siehe auch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Desmarest — is the name of more than one French scientist: Nicolas Desmarest (1725 1815), and his son, Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest (1784 1838) his son, Eugène Anselme Sébastien Léon Desmarest (1816 1889) Desmarest is also the name of: Henri Desmarest (or… …   Wikipedia

  • Desmarest — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest (1784–1838), französischer Zoologe Eugène Desmarest (1816–1889), französischer Insektenkundler Henry Desmarest auch: Desmarets (1661–1741), französischer Komponist Nicolas… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicolas Goupillet — also Coupillet or Goupillier (Senlis, c. 1650 Paris, c. 1713) was a French Baroque composer albeit a composer who may not have himself composed all of his works.[1] In 1683 the then fifty year old Sun King Louis XIV commanded that a competition… …   Wikipedia

  • Desmarest — Marais (patronyme)  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes personnes partageant un même patronyme. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Marais (homonymie). Le patronyme Marais indique une provenance : le(s) marais. Le ais peut… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anselme Gaetan Desmarest — Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest Anselme Gaëtan Desmarest (* 6. März 1784 in Paris; † 4. Juni 1838 in Maisons Alfort) war ein französischer Zoologe und Schriftsteller. Er war der Sohn des berühmten Geologen Nicolas …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint-Nicolas la Chapelle — (Savoie) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Nicolas la Chapelle. Saint Nicolas la Chapelle Admi …   Wikipédia en Français

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