Darwin , Erasmus
(1731–1802) British physician
Darwin was born at Elston. He studied medicine at the universities of Cambridge and Edinburgh, obtaining his MB from Cambridge in 1755. Darwin set up practice in Lichfield, where he soon established a reputation such that George III asked him to move to London to become his personal physician – an offer Darwin declined. He remained in Lichfield and founded, with friends, the Lunar Society of Birmingham – so called because of the monthly meetings held at members' houses. It included such eminent men as Joseph Priestley, Josiah Wedgwood, James Watt, and Matthew Boulton.
Darwin was something of an inventor, but is best remembered for his scientific writings, which often appeared in verse form. These were generally well received until the politician George Canning produced a very damaging parody of his work. This was part of a general campaign by the government against the Lunar Society for its support of the French and American revolutions, as well as its denouncement of slavery.
In his work Zoonomia (1794–96), Darwin advanced an evolutionary theory stating that changes in an organism are caused by the direct influence of the environment, a proposal similar to that put forward by Jean Baptiste Lamarck some 15 years later.
Darwin was the grandfather, by his first wife, of Charles Robert Darwin and, by his second wife, of Francis Galton.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Darwin,Erasmus — Darwin, Erasmus. 1731 1802. British physician, scientist, reformer, and poet whose Zoonomia (1794 1796) anticipated the evolutionary theories of his grandson Charles. * * * …   Universalium

  • Darwin, Erasmus — born Dec. 12, 1731, Elston Hall, Nottinghamshire, Eng. died April 18, 1802, Derby, Derbyshire British physician, grandfather of Charles Darwin and Francis Galton. A freethinker and radical, Darwin often wrote his opinions and scientific treatises …   Universalium

  • Darwin, Erasmus — (1731 1802)    One of the leading intellectuals of eighteenth century England, Erasmus Darwin was a man with a remarkable array of interests and pursuits. The grandfather of Charles Darwin was a respected physician, a well known poet, philosopher …   British and Irish poets

  • Darwin, Erasmus — (12 dic. 1731, Elston Hall, Nottinghamshire, Inglaterra–18 abr. 1802, Derby, Derbyshire). Médico británico, abuelo de Charles Darwin y Francis Galton. Libre pensador y radical, escribió a menudo sus opiniones y tratados científicos en verso. En… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • DARWIN, ERASMUS —    physician and natural philosopher, born in Nottinghamshire; studied at Cambridge and Edinburgh; practised medicine in Lichfield, and finally settled in Derby; occupied his mind with the study of fanciful analogies in the different spheres of… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Darwin, Erasmus — (1731 1802)    Poet, physician, and scientist, was b. at Elston, Notts, and ed. at Camb. and at Edin., where he took his degree of M.D. He ultimately settled in Lichfield as a physician, and attained a high professional reputation, so much so… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Erasmus Darwin (disambiguation) — Erasmus Darwin may refer to:* Erasmus Darwin I (1731 1802), the physician, poet, etc: grandfather of Charles Robert Darwin * Erasmus Darwin II, also Erasmus Darwin the Younger (1759 1799), the son of Erasmus Darwin, brother of Robert Darwin, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Erasmus Darwin — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Erasmus Darwin …   Wikipedia Español

  • Darwin — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Charles Darwin (1809–1882), Begründer der modernen Evolutionstheorie Bernard Darwin (1876–1961), Enkel von Charles Darwin; britischer Jurist, Sportjournalist und Schriftsteller Charles Galton Darwin… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Darwin [2] — Darwin, Erasmus, engl. Arzt, Naturforscher und didaktischer Dichter, geb. 12. Dez. 1731 in Elton, gest. 18. April 1802 in Derby, entwickelte ein naturwissenschaftliches System in »Zoonomia, or the laws of organic life« (1794 u.ö.; deutsch, 3 Bde …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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