Dana , James Dwight
(1813–1895) American geologist, mineralogist, and zoologist
Dana was born at Utica in New York State and educated at Yale (1830–33) where he became interested in geology. He worked initially as assistant to Benjamin Silliman and published, in 1837,A System of Mineralogy, one of the major textbooks on the subject.
He sailed as geologist and naturalist on the Wilkes expedition (1838–42) visiting the Antarctic and Pacific. On his return, Dana published a series of research reports on the voyage during the period 1844–54, which established his reputation as an important scientist. These included Zoophytes (1846), Geology (1849), andCrustacea (1852).
In 1847 Dana formulated his geosynclinal theory of the origin of mountains. He introduced the term geosyncline to refer to troughs or dips in the Earth's surface that became filled with sediment. These huge deposits of sediment could then, Dana proposed, be compressed and folded into mountain chains.
He was appointed to the chair of natural history at Yale in 1856 and in 1864 to the chair of geology and mineralogy where he remained until his retirement in 1890. He published several important books while at Yale, including his most notable textbook, Manual of Geology (1863), and the synthesis of his work on coral reefs in Corals and Coral Islands (1872). In agreement with Charles Darwin's ideas, published in 1842, Dana argued that coral islands are the result of subsidence of the island together with the upward growth of corals.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DANA, JAMES DWIGHT —    American mineralogist and geologist, born at Utica, New York State; was associated as scientific observer with Commodore Wilkes on his Arctic and Antarctic exploring expeditions, on the results of which he reported; became geological professor …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • James Dwight Dana — Dana in 1865 Born February 12, 1813 …   Wikipedia

  • James Dwight Dana — Nacimiento 1813 Útica (Nueva York) Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • James Dwight Dana — (* 12. Februar 1813 in Utica, New York; † 14. April 1895 in New Haven, Connecticut) war ein nordamerikanischer Geologe, Mineraloge und Zoologe. Er betrieb wichtige Forschungen über …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Dwight Dana — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dana (homonymie). James Dwight Dana James Dwight Dana (12 février 1813 14  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • James Dwight Dana House — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark …   Wikipedia

  • James D. Dana — James Dwight Dana Pour les articles homonymes, voir Dana (homonymie). James Dwight Dana James Dwight Dana (12 février …   Wikipédia en Français

  • DANA — steht für: Dana (Vorname), ein Frauen und Männervorname Dana (Firma), ein österreichischer Türenhersteller Dana (Firma) (DANA Senioreneinrichtungen GmbH), Sitz Hannover (Deutschland) Dana Corporation, ein US amerikanischer Kraftfahrzeug… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DANA (J. D.) — DANA JAMES DWIGHT (1813 1895) Naturaliste et géologue américain né à Utica et mort à New Haven (Connecticut), James D. Dana a contribué à la recherche dans de nombreux domaines: il a publié plusieurs ouvrages de zoologie et il a effectué des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dana — /day neuh/, n. 1. Charles Anderson, 1819 97, U.S. journalist, editor, and publisher. 2. Edward Salisbury, 1849 1935, U.S. mineralogist and physicist. 3. his father, James Dwight, 1813 95, U.S. geologist and mineralogist. 4. Richard Henry, Jr.,… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”