Anaxagoras of Clazomenae
(c. 500 bc) Greek philosopher
Anaxagoras left his birthplace in Asia Minor (now Turkey) in about 480 bc and taught in Athens during its most brilliant period under Pericles, who was himself one of Anaxagoras's pupils. In about 450 bc he was exiled to Lampsacus after being prosecuted for impiety by the enemies of Pericles.
Although he wrote a book, On Nature, only fragments of his writings survive; his work is known through later writers, notably Aristotle and Simplicius, and is open to contradictory interpretations. The difficulty consists in reconciling his principle of homoemereity, which states that matter is infinitely divisible and retains its character on division, with his statement “there is a portion of everything in everything.” His work can be seen as a criticism of the Eleatic school of Parmenides and Zeno of Elea, who had argued against plurality and even motion.
Anaxagoras's astronomy was more rational than that of his predecessors; he stated that the Sun and stars were incandescent stones, that the Moon derived its light from the Sun, and he gave the modern explanation for eclipses of the Sun and Moon.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anaxagoras of Clazomenae — (c. 500/499–428/427 BC) The first philosopher to teach in Athens, although indicted probably c. 450, on charges of impiety, and for holding an astronomical theory that included the view that the sun is a red hot body, larger than the Peloponnese …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Hermotimus of Clazomenae — was a philosopher who first proposed, before Anaxagoras (according to Aristotle) the idea of mind being fundamental in the cause of change. He proposed that physical entities are static, while the mind causes the change.Tertullian, a North… …   Wikipedia

  • Anaxagoras — of Clazomenae …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Anaxagoras — (Greek: Unicode|Ἀναξαγόρας, c. 500 BC ndash; 428 BC) was a Pre Socratic Greek philosopher famous for introducing the cosmological concept of Nous (mind), the ordering force.BiographyAnaxagoras appears to have had some amount of property and… …   Wikipedia

  • Anaxagoras — (griechisch Ἀναξαγόρας, * 499 v. Chr.; † 428 v. Chr.) war ein Vorsokratiker aus Klazomenai in Kleinasien. Sein nur in Fragmenten und hauptsächlich von Aristoteles überliefertes philosophisches Denken wird als Zusammenführung der Ansätze Heraklits …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anaxágoras — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Anaxágoras (Αναξαγόρας) Anaxágoras Filosofía occidental Filosofía presocrática …   Wikipedia Español

  • Clazomenae — Ancient Ionian Greek city, Anatolia. Founded on the mainland, the city was subsequently moved to a nearby island. Part of the Ionian Dodecapolis, it was known for its painted terra cotta sarcophagi (6th century BC). During the 5th century BC it… …   Universalium

  • Anaxagoras and the atomists — C.C.W.Taylor ANAXAGORAS In the course of the fifth century BC the political and cultural pre eminence of Athens attracted to the city a considerable number of intellectuals of various kinds from all over the Greek world. This phenomenon, the so… …   History of philosophy

  • Clazomenae — • Titular see of Asia Minor Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Clazomenae     Clazomenae     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Anaxagoras — Anaxagorean /an ak sag euh ree euhn/, adj. /an ak sag euhr euhs/, n. 500? 428 B.C., Greek philosopher. * * * born с 500, Clazomenae, Anatolia died с 428 BC, Lampsacus Greek philosopher. Though only a few fragments of his writings have survived,… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”