Cuvier , Baron Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert
(1769–1832) French anatomist and taxonomist
Cuvier was born in Montbéliard (now in France) and as a child was greatly influenced by Georges Buffon's books. In 1795 he became assistant to the professor of comparative anatomy at the Museum of Natural History in Paris – then the world's largest scientific research establishment. During his lifetime he greatly enlarged the comparative anatomy section from a few hundred skeletons to 13,000 specimens. Cuvier extended Linnaeus's classification, creating another level, the phylum, into which he grouped related classes. He recognized four phyla in the animal kingdom and his work on one of these, the fishes, is recognized as the foundation for modern ichthyology. Together with Achille Valenciennes, Cuvier compiled the lengthy Histoire des poissons, nine volumes of which had appeared by his death. The fish families delimited in this work remain as orders or suborders in today's classification. Cuvier was the first to classify fossils and named the pterodactyl. His results from investigations of the Tertiary formations near Paris are published in four volumes asRecherches sur les ossements fossiles des quadrupèdes (1812).
In 1799 Cuvier became professor of natural history at the Collège de France and in 1802 was also made professor at the Jardin des Plantes. In his later life he became increasingly involved in educational administration and played a large part in organizing the new Sorbonne.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Cuvier, Baron Georges Léopold Chrétien FrédéricDagobert — Cu·vier (kyo͞oʹvē ā , ko͞ov yāʹ, kü vyāʹ), Baron Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert. 1769 1832. French naturalist who is considered the founder of comparative anatomy and vertebrate paleontology. * * * …   Universalium

  • Georges Leopold Chretien Frederic Dagobert Cuvier — noun French naturalist known as the father of comparative anatomy (1769 1832) • Syn: ↑Cuvier, ↑Georges Cuvier, ↑Baron Georges Cuvier • Instance Hypernyms: ↑naturalist, ↑natural scientist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cuvier, Georges (-Léopold-Chrétien-Frédéric-Dagobert), Baron — born Aug. 23, 1769, Montbéliard, France died May 13, 1832, Paris French zoologist and statesman who established the sciences of comparative anatomy and paleontology. As a staff member at the Museum of Natural History in Paris, he published Le… …   Universalium

  • Cuvier, Georges (-Léopold-Chrétien-Frédéric-Dagobert), barón — (23 ago. 1769, Montbéliard, Francia–13 may. 1832, París). Zoólogo y estadista francés que estableció las ciencias de anatomía comparada y paleontología. Como miembro del Museo de historia natural de París publicó Le Règne animal distribué d après …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges Leopold Cuvier — Baron Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert Cuvier (1769 1832) Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert, Baron de Cuvier (* 23. August 1769 in Mömpelgard; † 13. Mai 1832 in Paris) war ein französischer Naturforscher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baron Georges Cuvier — noun French naturalist known as the father of comparative anatomy (1769 1832) • Syn: ↑Cuvier, ↑Georges Cuvier, ↑Georges Leopold Chretien Frederic Dagobert Cuvier • Instance Hypernyms: ↑naturalist, ↑natural scientist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Cuvier — Baron Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert …   Scientists

  • Georges de Cuvier — Baron Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert Cuvier (1769 1832) Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert, Baron de Cuvier (* 23. August 1769 in Mömpelgard; † 13. Mai 1832 in Paris) war ein französischer Naturforscher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georges Cuvier — Baron Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert Cuvier (1769 1832) Georges Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert, Baron de Cuvier (* 23. August 1769 in Mömpelgard; † 13. Mai 1832 in Paris) war ein französischer Naturforscher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cuvier — [kü vyā′; ] E [ ko͞o′vē ā΄] Baron Georges (Léopold Chrétien Frédéric Dagobert) [zhō̂rzh] 1769 1832; Fr. naturalist …   English World dictionary

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