Chain , Ernst Boris

Chain , Ernst Boris
(1906–1979) German–British biochemist
Chain, born the son of a chemist in Berlin, Germany, graduated in 1930 from the Friedrich-Wilhelm University with a degree in chemistry. He left Germany for England in 1933 and, after two years' research at Cambridge University, joined Howard Florey at Oxford. Here his brilliance as a biochemist was put to good use in the difficult isolation and purification of penicillin – work that Alexander Fleming had been unable to carry out. He shared the 1945 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine with Florey and Fleming for this achievement.
After 1945 he was professor of biochemistry at the Superior Institute of Health in Rome, returning to England in 1961 for the chair of biochemistry at Imperial College, London. During this time he discovered penicillinase – an enzyme that some bacteria can synthesize and so destroy the drug. He also worked on tumor metabolism and the mode of action of insulin in diabetes.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Chain, Ernst Boris — (1906 79)    Biochemist of German origin. Born in Berlin, he studied at the Pathological Institute of Berlin. Following the rise of the Nazis, he settled in England. In 1945 he received the Nobel Prize for his work on penicillin …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Ernst Boris Chain — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Placa homenaje a Ernst Boris Chain en Berlin Moabit, Alemania Ernst Boris Chain nació en 1906 en Berlín (Alemania). En esta ciudad completó sus estudios hasta graduarse en Química, posteriormente su interés por la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Chain,Sir Ernst Boris — Chain (chān), Sir Ernst Boris. 1906 1979. German born British biochemist. He isolated and purified penicillin; for this achievement he shared a 1945 Nobel Prize with Sir Alexander Fleming, who discovered penicillin in 1928. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ernst Boris Chain — nació en 1906 en Berlín (Alemania). En esta ciudad completó sus estudios hasta graduarse en Química, posteriormente su interés por la incipiente bioquímica lo llevó a trabajar en el Instituto de Patología de Berlín. Más tarde se trasladó a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ernst Boris Chain — Infobox Scientist name = Sir Ernst Boris Chain box width = image width =150px caption = Ernst Boris Chain birth date = June 19, 1906 birth place = Berlin death date = August 12, 1979 death place = residence = citizenship = British nationality =… …   Wikipedia

  • Ernst Boris Chain — Berliner Gedenktafel in Berlin Moabit (Turmstr. 22, im „Haus der Gesundheit“) Sir Ernst Boris Chain (* 19. Juni 1906 in Berlin; † 12. August 1979 in Castlebar, Irland) war ein deutsch britischer Biochemiker und Bakt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ernst Boris Chain — Sir Ernst Boris Chain (19 juin 1906 12 août 1979) était un biochimiste allemand, naturalisé britannique qui fut en 1945 colauréat avec Alexander Fleming et Howard Florey du prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine pour son travail sur la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chain, Sir Ernst Boris — (19 jun. 1906, Berlín, Alemania–12 ago. 1979, Irlanda). Bioquímico británico de origen alemán. Junto con Howard Walter Florey aisló y purificó la penicilina y realizó los primeros ensayos clínicos con el antibiótico. En 1945, Chain, Florey y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ernst Boris Chain — noun British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906 1979) • Syn: ↑Chain, ↑Sir Ernst Boris Chain • Instance Hypernyms: ↑biochemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chain, Sir Ernst Boris — born June 19, 1906, Berlin, Ger. died Aug. 12, 1979, Ire. German born British biochemist. With Howard Walter Florey he isolated and purified penicillin and performed the first clinical trials of the antibiotic. For their pioneering work, Chain,… …   Universalium

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