- Cayley , Arthur
*(1821–1895) British mathematician*Born in Richmond, Cayley studied mathematics at Cambridge University, but before becoming a professional mathematician spent 14 years working as a barrister. He was forced to do this since he was unwilling to take holy orders – which at that time was a necessary condition of continuing his mathematical career at Cambridge. When this requirement was dropped, Cayley was able to return to Cambridge and in 1863 became Sadlerian Professor there.Cayley was an extremely prolific mathematician. His greatest work was the creation of the theory of invariants, in which he worked closely with his friend James Joseph Sylvester. Cayley developed this theory as a branch of pure mathematics but it turned out to play a crucial role in the theory of relativity, as it is important in the calculation of space–time relationships in physics. He also developed the theory of matrices and made major contributions to the study of*n*-dimensional geometry. He went a considerable way toward unifying the study of geometry. Cayley also did important work in the theory of elliptic functions.One of Cayley's notable nonmathematical achievements was playing a large role in persuading the University of Cambridge to admit women as students.

*Scientists.
Academic.
2011.*

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**Cayley, Arthur**— ▪ British mathematician born August 16, 1821, Richmond, Surrey, England died January 26, 1895, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire English mathematician and leader of the British school of pure mathematics that emerged in the 19th century. The interested… … Universalium**Cayley, Arthur**— ► (1821 95) Matemático británico. Introdujo la geometría del absoluto y dio una formulación algebraica a la geometría proyectiva … Enciclopedia Universal**CAYLEY, ARTHUR**— an eminent English mathematician, professor at Cambridge, and president of the British Association in 1883 (1821 1895) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia**Cayley**— Cayley, Arthur … Enciclopedia Universal**Arthur Cayley**— (* 16. August 1821 in Richmond upon Thames, Surrey; † 26. Januar 1895 in Cambridge) war ein englischer Mathematiker. Er befasste sich mit sehr vielen Gebieten der Mathematik von der Analysis, Algebra, Geo … Deutsch Wikipedia**Arthur Cayley**— Arthur Cayley. Arthur Cayley (Richmond, Reino Unido, 16 de agosto de 1821 Cambridge, 26 de enero de 1895) fue un matemático británico. Es uno de los fundadores de la escuela británica moderna de matemáticas puras. Además de su predilección por… … Wikipedia Español**Cayley**— (Arthur) (1821 1895) astronome et mathématicien anglais … Encyclopédie Universelle**Arthur Cayley**— Infobox Scientist name = Arthur Cayley |242px image width = 242px caption = Portrait in London by Barraud Jerrard birth date = birth date|1821|8|16|mf=y birth place = Richmond, Surrey, UK residence = England nationality = British death date =… … Wikipedia**Arthur Cayley**— Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cayley. Ne doit pas être confondu avec Arthur Caley. Arthur Cayley … Wikipédia en Français**Cayley table**— A Cayley table, after the 19th century British mathematician Arthur Cayley, describes the structure of a finite group by arranging all the possible products of all the group s elements in a square table reminiscent of an addition or… … Wikipedia