Carothers , Wallace Hume


Carothers , Wallace Hume
(1896–1937) American industrial chemist
Carothers, the son of a teacher, was born in Burlington, Iowa, and gained a BS degree from Tarkio College, Missouri (1920), after working his way through college. He gained his PhD in 1924 from the University of Illinois and was an instructor in chemistry at Illinois and Harvard before joining the Du Pont company at Wilmington, Delaware, as head of organic chemistry research in 1928.
Carother's early work was in the application of electronic theory to organic chemistry but at du Pont he worked on polymerization. His first great success was the production of the synthetic rubber, neoprene (1931). Working with acetylenes he discovered that the action of hydrochloric acid on monovinylacetylene produced 2-chloro-buta-1,3-diene (chloroprene), which polymerized very readily to give a polymer that was superior in some respects to natural rubber.
In a systematic search for synthetic analogs of silk and cellulose he prepared many condensation polymers, especially polyesters and polyethers. In 1935 one polyamide, produced by condensation of adipic acid and hexamethylenediamine, proved outstanding in its properties and came into full-scale production in 1940 as Nylon 66. But Carothers did not live to see the results of his achievements; despite his brilliant successes he suffered from fits of depression and took his own life at the age of 41.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carothers,Wallace Hume — Ca·roth·ers (kə rŭthʹərz), Wallace Hume. 1896 1937. American chemist who developed the synthetic material nylon, which was patented in 1937. * * * …   Universalium

  • Carothers, Wallace Hume — ▪ American chemist born April 27, 1896, Burlington, Iowa, U.S. died April 29, 1937, Philadelphia, Pa.  American chemist who developed nylon, the first synthetic polymer fibre to be produced commercially (in 1938) and one that laid the foundation… …   Universalium

  • Carothers, Wallace (Hume) —  (1896–1937) American scientist and inventor of nylon …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Wallace Hume Carothers — Wallace Carothers. Wallace Hume Carothers (* 27. April 1896 in Burlington, Iowa; † 29. April 1937 in Wilmington) war ein US amerikanischer Chemiker, der das Nylon erfand und nach dem die Carothers Gleichung benannt ist. Er war das älteste von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wallace Hume Carothers — Wallace Hume Carothers. Wallace Hume Carothers (27 avril 1896 29 avril 1937) est un chimiste américain de la compagnie DuPont. En 1935, il synthétise le nylon. Après avoir obtenu son doctorat, il enseigne à plusieurs… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wallace Hume Carothers — noun United States chemist who developed nylon (1896 1937) • Syn: ↑Carothers, ↑Wallace Carothers • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wallace H. Carothers — Wallace Hume Carothers (* 27. April 1896 in Burlington, Iowa; † 29. April 1937 in Wilmington) war ein US amerikanischer Chemiker, der das Nylon erfand und nach dem die Carothers Gleichung benannt ist. Er war das älteste von vier Kindern eines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wallace Carothers — Wallace Hume Carothers Wallace Hume Carothers (27 avril 1896 29 avril 1937) était un chimiste américain à la compagnie DuPont. En 1935, il synthétise le nylon. Après avoir obtenu son doctorat, il enseigne à plusieurs universités avant d être… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carothers — noun United States chemist who developed nylon (1896 1937) • Syn: ↑Wallace Carothers, ↑Wallace Hume Carothers • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wallace Carothers — noun United States chemist who developed nylon (1896 1937) • Syn: ↑Carothers, ↑Wallace Hume Carothers • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist …   Useful english dictionary


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