Cardano , Gerolamo


Cardano , Gerolamo
(1501–1576) Italian mathematician, physician, and astrologer
The work of Cardano constitutes a landmark in the development of algebra and yet in his own time he was chiefly known as a physician. He studied medicine at the University of Pavia, the city of his birth, and at the University of Padua, receiving his degree in 1526. He spent much of his life as a practicing physician, becoming professor of medicine at Pavia in 1543. One of his notable nonmathematical achievements was to give the first clinical description of typhus fever.
It was however in mathematics that Cardano's real talents lay. His chief work was the Ars magna (1545; The Great Skill) in which he gave ways of solving both the general cubic and the general quartic. This was the first important printed treatise on algebra. The solution of the general cubic equation was revealed to him by Niccolò Tartaglia in confidence and Cardano's publication aroused a bitter controversy between the two. Cardano's former servant, Lodovico Ferrari, had discovered the solution of the general quartic equation. In his later Liber de ludo aleae (Book on Games of Chance) Cardano did some pioneering work in the mathematical theory of probability.
Cardano's interests were not, however, limited to mathematics and medicine. He also indulged in philosophical and astrological speculation and this had the unfortunate consequence that in 1570 he was charged with heresy by the Church. He was briefly jailed but was soon released after the necessary recantation. As a result of this episode Cardano lost his post as a professor at the University of Bologna, which he had held since 1562.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cardano, Gerolamo — ► (1501 76) Médico y matemático italiano. Se interesó por todas las ramas del saber. Destaca su obra Practica arithmeticae y Ars magna, gran tratado del álgebra. Ideó la articulación llamada cardán, utilizada actualmente en los automóviles …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cardano — Cardano, Gerolamo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cardano — Cardano,   Gerolamo (oder Girolamo, auch Geronimo), latinisiert Hierọnymus Cardanus, italienischer Mathematiker, Arzt und Philosoph, * Pavia 24. 9. 1501, ✝ Rom 20. 9. 1576; wirkte und lehrte in Mailand und Pavia, 1562 70 in Bologna; lebte danach …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gerolamo Cardano — Stich von Cardano Gerolamo Cardano (auch Geronimo oder Girolamo; lateinisch Hieronymus Cardanus; * 24. September 1501 in Pavia; † 21. September 1576 in Rom) war ein Arzt, Philosoph und Mathematiker und zählt zu den Renaissance Humanisten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cardano — Stich von Cardano Gerolamo Cardano (auch Geronimo oder Girolamo; lateinisch Hieronymus Cardanus; * 24. September 1501 in Pavia; † 21. September 1576 in Rom) war ein Arzt, Philosoph und Mathematiker und zählt zu den Renaissance Humanisten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gerolamo Cardano — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cardan. Gerolamo Cardano Girolamo Cardano (Pavie, 24 septembre 1501 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gerolamo Cardano — Girolamo Cardano (1501 1576) Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gerolamo Cardano — o Jérôme Cardan (Pavía, actual Italia, 24 de septiembre, 1501 Roma, 21 de septiembre,) Matemático italiano. Se graduó en la Universidad de Pavía y se doctoró en medicina (1526) en la de Padua. En 1536 se trasladó a Milán, donde empezó a ejercer… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gerolamo — ist ein Vorname. Folgende Personen tragen diesen Vornamen Gerolamo Boccardo (1829−1904), italienischer Nationalökonom und Politiker Gerolamo Cardano (auch Geronimo oder Girolamo; lateinisch Hieronymus Cardanus; 1501−1576), Arzt, Philosoph und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gerolamo Cardano — Infobox Scientist name = Gerolamo Cardano box width = image size =250px caption = Gerolamo Cardano birth date = September 24, 1501 birth place = Pavia death date = September 21 1576 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality = Italian… …   Wikipedia


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