- Candolle , Augustin Pyrame de
- (1778–1841) Swiss botanistCandolle, who was born in Geneva, Switzerland, studied medicine for two years at the academy there before moving to Paris in 1796 to study both medicine and natural sciences. In Paris he met many distinguished naturalists, including Georges Cuvier and Jean Baptiste Lamarck, and quickly established his own reputation through the publication of many outstanding monographs on plants. He received his MD from the University of Paris in 1804 and, at the request of the French government, made a botanical and agricultural survey of France between 1806 and 1812.In 1813 he published his famous Théorie élémentaire de la botanique (Elementary Theory of Botany), in which he introduced the term ‘taxonomy’ to mean classification. This work was based on the natural classificatory systems of Cuvier and Antoine Jussieu, and in it Candolle maintained that relationships between plants could be established through similarities in the plan of symmetry of their sexual parts. He realized that the symmetry could be disguised by fusion, degeneration, or loss of sexual organs, making structures with a common ancestry appear different. Candolle thus formulated the idea of homologous parts – a concept that lends much weight to the theory of evolution, but surprisingly he continued to believe in the immutability of species. Candolle's classification replaced that of Linnaeus and was used widely until George Bentham and Joseph Hooker produced their improved system 50 years later.Candolle also made important contributions to plant geography, realizing that the distribution of vegetation can be profoundly influenced by soil type. The relationships he described between plants and soil were backed up by personal observations from his travels in Brazil, East India, and North China.From 1808 to 1816 Candolle was professor of botany at Montpelier University, after which he returned to Geneva to take the chair of natural history at the Academy. On his arrival in Geneva he completely reorganized the gardens. Between 1824 and 1839 he published the first seven volumes of his hugeProdromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (Guide to Natural Classification for the Plant Kingdom), an encyclopedia of the plant kingdom. His son, Alphonse de Candolle, saw to the publication of the remaining ten volumes after his father's death and also carried on many of his father's other schemes.
Scientists. Academic. 2011.
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Candolle, Augustin Pyrame de — ▪ Swiss botanist born Feb. 4, 1778, Geneva died Sept. 9, 1841, Geneva Swiss botanist who established scientific structural criteria for determining natural relations among plant genera. After Charles Darwin s introduction of the principles of… … Universalium
Candolle, Augustin (Pyrame de) — (4 feb. 1778, Ginebra, Suiza–9 sep. 1841, Ginebra). Botánico suizo. En París (desde 1796) pasó a ser ayudante de Georges Cuvier y colaboró con Lamarck en la revisión de su obra botánica. Comisionado por el gobierno, llevó a cabo un reconocimiento … Enciclopedia Universal
Candolle, Augustin (Pyrame de) — born Feb. 4, 1778, Geneva, Switz. died Sept. 9, 1841, Geneva Swiss botanist. In Paris (from 1796) he became an assistant to Georges Cuvier and worked with Lamarck on revising his botanical works. He carried out a government commissioned botanical … Universalium
DE CANDOLLE, AUGUSTIN PYRAME — an eminent botanist, born at Geneva, of Huguenot descent; studied in Paris; attracted the attention of Cuvier and Lamarck, whom he assisted in their researches; published his Flore Française, in six vols.; became professor at Montpellier, and… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Candolle, Alphonse Pyrame de — ▪ Swiss botanist born Oct. 27/28, 1806, Paris died April 4, 1893, Geneva Swiss botanist who introduced new methods of investigation and analysis to phytogeography, a branch of biology that deals with the geographic distribution of plants.… … Universalium
Augustin Pyrame de Candolle — Nacimiento 4 de febrero de 1778 Ginebra Fallecimiento … Wikipedia Español
Augustin Pyrame de Candolle — Augustin Pyrame de Candolle, auch Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (* 4. Februar 1778 in Genf; † 9. September 1841 ebenda) war ein Schweizer Botaniker und Naturwissenschaftler. Sein offizielles botanisches Autorenkürzel lautet „DC.“ … Deutsch Wikipedia
Augustin-Pyrame de Candolle — Augustin Pyrame de Candolle, auch Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (* 4. Februar 1778 in Genf; † 9. September 1841 ebenda) war ein Schweizer Botaniker und Naturwissenschaftler. Sein offizielles botanisches Autoren … Deutsch Wikipedia
Augustin Pyrame De Candolle — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Candolle. Augustin Pyrame de Candolle Augustin Pyrame de Candol … Wikipédia en Français
Augustin pyrame de candolle — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Candolle. Augustin Pyrame de Candolle Augustin Pyrame de Candol … Wikipédia en Français