Butenandt , Adolf Friedrich Johann
(1903–1995) German organic chemist and biochemist
Butenandt, who was born at Bremerhaven-Lehe (now Wesermünde) in Germany, took his first degree in chemistry at the University of Marburg and gained his doctorate in 1927 under Adolf Windaus at Göttingen. He remained at Göttingen asPrivatdozent until 1933. Following the work of Windaus on cholesterol, Butenandt investigated the sex hormones and in 1929 he isolated the first pure sex hormone, estrone, from the urine of pregnant women (the compound was also discovered independently by Edward Doisy). A search for the male sex hormone resulted in the isolation in 1931 of 15 milligrams of androsterone from 3960 gallons of urine.
In 1933 he became professor of organic chemistry at the Danzig Institute of Technology and here he demonstrated the similarities between the molecular structures of androsterone and cholesterol. His proposed structure for androsterone was confirmed by Leopold Ružička's synthesis in 1934. The male hormone testosterone was synthesized by Butenandt and Ružička only months after its isolation in 1935. Butenandt and Ružička were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1939 but Butenandt was forbidden to accept it by the Nazi government. Butenandt was also the first to crystallize an insect hormone, ecdysone, and found that this too was a derivative of cholesterol. Later he led research on the isolation and synthesis of the pheromones.
From 1936 to 1945 Butenandt was director of the Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry at Tübingen and from 1945 to 1956 professor of physiological chemistry there. He retained these posts when the institute moved to Munich in 1956, and in 1960 he succeeded Otto Hahn as president of the Max Planck Society, becoming honorary president in 1972.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Butenandt, Adolf Friedrich Johann — ▪ 1996       German biochemist (b. March 24, 1903, Bremerhaven Lehe, Germany d. Jan. 18, 1995, Munich, Germany), was the co winner (with Leopold Ruzicka) of the 1939 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for pioneering work (1929 34) on sex hormones,… …   Universalium

  • Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt — (* 24. März 1903 in Lehe; † 18. Januar 1995 in München), war ein Universitätsprofessor für Biochemie und erhielt 1939 den Nobelpreis für Chemie als Folge seiner Arbeiten auf dem Gebiet der Steroidhormone. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt — (24 mars 1903 18 janvier 1995) est un biochimiste allemand, colauréat avec Leopold Ruzicka du prix Nobel de chimie en 1939. Butenandt étudie la chimie à l université de Marbourg puis sous la direction d Adolf Windaus (prix… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chemienobelpreis 1939: Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt — Leopold Ružička —   Butenandt erhielt den Nobelpreis für seine Arbeiten über Sexualhormone, Ruzicka für seine Forschungen an Polymethylenen und höheren Terpenen.    Biografien   Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt, * Bremerhaven Lehe 24. 3. 1903, ✝ München 18. 1.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Butenandt, Adolf — ▪ German biochemist in full  Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt   born March 24, 1903, Bremerhaven Lehe, Ger. died Jan. 18, 1995, Munich       German biochemist who, with Leopold Ruzicka (Ružička, Leopold), was awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize for… …   Universalium

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  • Butenandt — Butenandt,   Adolf Friedrich Johann, Biochemiker, * Lehe (heute zu Bremerhaven) 24. 3. 1903, ✝ München 18. 1. 1995; Professor in Danzig (1933 36), Tübingen (1945 56) und München, 1936 72 auch Direktor des Kaiser Wilhelm beziehungsweise (seit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Adolf Butenandt — im Jahr 1939 Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt (* 24. März 1903 in Lehe; † 18. Januar 1995 in München), war ein Universitätsprofessor für Biochemie und erhielt 1939 den Nobelpreis für Chemie in Anerkennung seiner Arbeiten auf dem Gebiet der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Adolf Butenandt — Infobox Scientist name = Adolf Butenandt image size = 180px birth date = March 24, 1903 birth place = Lehe/Bremerhaven, Germany nationality = Germany death date = death date and age|1995|1|18|1903|3|24 death place = Munich, Germany field =… …   Wikipedia

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