Bruce , Sir David


Bruce , Sir David
(1855–1931) British bacteriologist
Bruce was a one-time colleague of Robert Koch in Berlin but spent the greater part of his career as a military physician. Born in Melbourne, Australia, he was educated at Edinburgh University. He was assistant professor of pathology at the Army Medical School, Netley (1889–94), and then commandant of the Royal Army Medical College, Millbank, where he was also director of research on tetanus and trench fever (1914–18). He undertook royal commissions of enquiry into various diseases of man and domestic animals in Malta and central Africa. In Malta he was able to trace the cause of Malta fever (brucellosis or undulant fever found in the milk of goats) to a bacterium later named for him as Brucella melitensis. Bruce also investigated the cause of nagana, a disease of horses and cattle in central and southern Africa, and found it to be transmitted by a trypanosome parasite carried by the tsetse fly. This work was of great help in his later research on sleeping sickness (trypanosomiasis), which he also proved to be transmitted by the tsetse fly. The recipient of many honors for his humanitarian work, Bruce was chairman of the War Office's Pathological Committee during World War I. He was knighted in 1908.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bruce,Sir David — Bruce, Sir David. 1855 1931. Australian physician and bacteriologist known for his description (1887) of the bacterium that causes undulant fever, or brucellosis. * * * …   Universalium

  • Sir David Foulis, 1st Baronet — Sir David Foulis (died 1642), was a Scottish politician. Foulis was the third son of James Foulis, by Agnes Heriot of Lumphoy, and great grandson of Sir James Foulis of Colinton (d. 1549). From 1594 onwards he was actively engaged in politics,… …   Wikipedia

  • Sir David Bruce — noun Australian physician and bacteriologist who described the bacterium that causes undulant fever or brucellosis (1855 1931) • Syn: ↑Bruce, ↑David Bruce • Instance Hypernyms: ↑doctor, ↑doc, ↑physician, ↑MD, ↑Dr., ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lindsay, Sir David — (David Lyndsay of the Mount) (ca. 1486–ca. 1555)    Sometimes called “the last Scottish Chaucerian,” Sir David Lindsay had a career that straddled the late medieval and early modern periods. Like CHAUCER’s, his verse is often satiric, and his… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • David Bruce (bactériologiste) — David Bruce Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bruce. David Bruce. Sir David Bruce est un biologiste britannique, né le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • David Bruce — David Bruce. Sir David Bruce (* 29. Mai 1855 in Melbourne; † 20. November 1931 in London) war ein australisch englischer Arzt und Mikrobiologe. Er studierte Medizin in Edinburgh und wurde als Militärarzt in die damals britische Besitzung Malta… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • David Bruce — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bruce. David Bruce. Sir David Bruce est un biologiste britannique, né le 29 mai  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bruce — noun 1. Australian physician and bacteriologist who described the bacterium that causes undulant fever or brucellosis (1855 1931) • Syn: ↑David Bruce, ↑Sir David Bruce • Instance Hypernyms: ↑doctor, ↑doc, ↑physician, ↑MD, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • David Bruce — noun Australian physician and bacteriologist who described the bacterium that causes undulant fever or brucellosis (1855 1931) • Syn: ↑Bruce, ↑Sir David Bruce • Instance Hypernyms: ↑doctor, ↑doc, ↑physician, ↑MD, ↑Dr …   Useful english dictionary

  • David Bruce (microbiologist) — David Bruce David Bruce Born 29 May 1855 Melbourne …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.