Broca , Pierre Paul
(1824–1880) French physician and anthropologist
Broca, who was born in Sainte-Fou-la-Grande, France, studied at the University of Paris and received his MD in 1849. In 1853 he was appointed assistant professor in the faculty of medicine. His specialty was the brain and, through surgical work and postmortem examination, he was able to demonstrate that damage to one particular region (the left inferior frontal gyrus, now also known as Broca's convolution) of the cortex was associated with impairment or loss of speech. This was one of the first conclusive demonstrations that control of different bodily functions resides in localized regions of the cerebral cortex.
Broca applied his knowledge of the brain to anthropology. He devised techniques of accurately measuring skulls to enable comparison between the different races of modern man and skulls unearthed at prehistoric sites. Broca's findings supported the then highly contentious theory of Charles Darwin that man, like other living things, had evolved from primitive ancestors. Broca helped found several notable anthropological institutions, including the Société d'Anthropologie de Paris (1859) and the Ecole d'Anthropologie (1876), thus helping to establish anthropology as a respectable branch of science.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Broca, Pierre Paul — Cirujano y antropólogo francés nacido en 1824. Fundó la Escuela y la Sociedad de Antropología Francesa y como cirujano, localizó en el cerebro el centro del lenguaje, que se halla situado en la tercera circunvolución frontal izquierda. Falleció… …   Diccionario médico

  • Pierre Paul Broca — Paul Broca Pierre Paul Broca (* 28. Juni 1824 in Sainte Foy la Grande bei Bergerac; † 9. Juli 1880 in Paris) war ein französischer Anthropologe und Arzt. Nach ihm wurde die Broca Aphasie (Fall des Monsieur Tan ) und das Broca Zentrum benannt. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre Paul Broca — Broca, Pierre Paul Cirujano y antropólogo francés nacido en 1824. Fundó la Escuela y la Sociedad de Antropología Francesa y como cirujano, localizó en el cerebro el centro del lenguaje, que se halla situado en la tercera circunvolución frontal… …   Diccionario médico

  • Pierre Paul Broca — Paul Broca Pour les articles homonymes, voir Broca (homonymie). Paul Pierre Broca Paul Pierre Broca, né le 28 juin 1824 à Sainte Foy la Grande et m …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre-Paul Broca — noun French anthropologist who studied the craniums and brains of different races of people; remembered for his discovery that articulate speech depends on an area of the brain now known as Broca s area (1824 1880) • Syn: ↑Broca • Instance… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Broca — Pierre Paul …   Scientists

  • Paul Broca — Pierre Paul Broca Pierre Paul Broca Born 28 June 1824 …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre Broca — Paul Broca Pierre Paul Broca (* 28. Juni 1824 in Sainte Foy la Grande bei Bergerac; † 9. Juli 1880 in Paris) war ein französischer Anthropologe und Arzt. Nach ihm wurde die Broca Aphasie (Fall des Monsieur Tan ) und das Broca Zentrum benannt. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul Broca — Pierre Paul Broca (* 28. Juni 1824 in Sainte Foy la Grande bei Bergerac; † 9. Juli 1880 in Paris) war ein französischer Anthropologe und Arzt. Nach ihm wurde die Broca Aphasie (Fall des „Monsieur Tan“) und das Broca Zentrum benannt. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Broca (desambiguación) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Broca puede hacer referencia a: La herramienta denominada broca Pierre Paul Broca (1824 1880), médico, anatomista y antropólogo francés Área de Broca, sección del cerebro humano involucrada en la producción del habla …   Wikipedia Español

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