- Boyer , Herbert Wayne
- (1936–) American biochemistBoyer was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and educated at St. Vincent College, Latrobe, and the University of Pittsburgh where he obtained his PhD in 1963. He joined the faculty of the University of California, San Francisco, shortly afterward in 1966 and served as professor of biochemistry from 1976 to 1991.Much of Boyer's work has been concerned with developing some of the basic techniques of recombinant DNA, known more popularly as genetic engineering. Thus in 1973 he succeeded with Robert Helling, and independently of the work of Stanley Cohen and Annie Chang, in constructing functional DNA from two different sources. Such chimeras, as they became called, were initially engineered by splicing together segments from two different plasmids (extrachromosomal DNA found in some bacteria) from the Escherichia coli bacillus. The chimera was then inserted into E. coli and was found to replicate and, equally significant, to express traits derived from both plasmids.Development after 1973 was so rapid that by 1976 it had occurred to Boyer and a number of other workers that recombinant DNA could be used to produce such important proteins as insulin, interferon, and growth hormone in commercial quantities. Consequently in 1976 he joined with financier Robert Swanson to invest $500 each to form the company Genentech, which went public in 1980.Despite successfully developing techniques for the production of somastatin in 1977, insulin in 1978, and growth hormone in 1979, the position of Genentech was far from secure at the beginning of 1981 with the emergence of competition from a number of rival companies and legal problems concerned with the ownership of genes.
Scientists. Academic. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Stanley Norman Cohen — (* 17. Februar 1935 in Perth Amboy, New Jersey) ist ein US amerikanischer Genetiker und Professor an der Stanford University in Stanford, Kalifornien. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Wirken … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bibliography — Contents I. Introduction 453 II. Presidential Papers 462 III. Bibliographies and Encyclopedias 463 IV. General Surveys 463 V. The Crash and the Great Depression 465 VI. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal 466 VII.… … Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era
Liste von Kriegsfilmen — Es ist teilweise umstritten, welche Spielfilme als „Kriegsfilme“ gelten können. Wie im Hauptartikel Kriegsfilm dargelegt, gibt es die Auffassung, nur die Thematisierung moderner Kriege rechtfertige das Etikett „Kriegsfilm“. Hiervon abweichend… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Liste de zoologistes — Attention, il n est pas d usage en zoologie d utiliser d abréviation pour les noms des auteurs (contrairement aux usages de la botanique, voir ici). Cette liste ne constitue pas une liste officielle. Nous attirons l attention du lecteur sur son… … Wikipédia en Français
Molly Maguires — For the movie, see The Molly Maguires (film). Location of the counties in northeastern Pennsylvania where the Molly Maguires were active The Molly Maguires were members of an Irish American secret society, whose members consisted mainly of coal… … Wikipedia
List of Ace single volumes — Ace Books began publishing genre fiction in 1952. Initially these were mostly in the attractive dos à dos format, but they also published a few single volumes, in the early years, and that number grew until the doubles stopped appearing in about… … Wikipedia
Bibliography — This bibliography is divided into the following categories, with subheadings relevant to the thematic concentration of the material. I. Bibliographies, Bibliographical Studies, and Reference Works II. Scholarly Periodicals III.… … Historical dictionary of Austria
Academy Award for Best Actor — Awarded for Best Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Country United States First awarded 1929 (for performances in films released during … Wikipedia
literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… … Universalium
Liste von Filmdarstellern historischer Persönlichkeiten — Dieser Artikel listet Filmschauspieler auf, die in bekannten und bemerkenswerten Filmen bedeutenswerte historische Persönlichkeiten dargestellt haben. Die Liste ist alphabetisch sortiert nach den historischen Persönlichkeiten. Die Darsteller der… … Deutsch Wikipedia