Josephson's

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • JOSEPHSON — JOSEPHSON, Swedish family which had emigrated from Prussia in the late 18th century. JACOB AXEL JOSEPHSON (1818–1880), conductor, composer, and writer, was born in Stockholm, the son of Salomon Josephson, a merchant. He studied at Uppsala… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • JOSEPHSON, MATTHEW — (1899–1978), U.S. author and historian. Born in Brooklyn, he lived for a time in Paris. He was a member of the editorial board of the international arts magazine Broom (1921–24), U.S. editor of Transition (1928–29), and assistant editor of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Josephson, Brian D. — ▪ British physicist in full  Brian David Josephson  born Jan. 4, 1940, Cardiff, Glamorgan, Wales       British physicist whose discovery of the Josephson effect while a 22 year old graduate student won him a share (with Leo Esaki (Esaki, Leo) and …   Universalium

  • Josephson effect — Josephson junction array chip developed by NIST as a standard volt The Josephson effect is the phenomenon of supercurrent (i.e. a current that flows indefinitely long without any voltage applied) across two superconductors coupled by a weak link …   Wikipedia

  • Josephson junction — [jō′zef sən, jō′səfsən] n. [after Brian Josephson (1940 ), Brit physicist] a low power, high speed electronic switching device consisting of a thin insulator between two superconducting metals: it operates at a temperature near absolute zero …   English World dictionary

  • Josephson — Josephson, Ludwig, geb. 1809 zu Unna in Westfalen, studirte seit 1827 in Bonn, wurde 1832 Pfarrer in Iserlohn u. 1851 Divisionsprediger in Münster; er schr.: Stimmen aus Zion, Iserl. 1841, gab Rauschenbusch s Handbuch zur biblischen Geschichte… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Josephson — (izg. džóuzefsen), Brian (1940) DEFINICIJA engleski fizičar; za otkriće tzv. Josephsonova efekta, v. Nobelova nagrada 1973. (s L. Esakijem i I. Giaeverom) …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Josephson-Kontakt — Der Josephson Effekt ist ein physikalischer Effekt, der den Tunnelstrom zwischen zwei Supraleitern beschreibt. Er wurde von Brian D. Josephson 1962 theoretisch vorhergesagt und später in zahlreichen Experimenten verifiziert. Josephson erhielt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josephson-Effekt — Der Josephson Effekt ist ein physikalischer Effekt, der den Tunnelstrom zwischen zwei Supraleitern beschreibt. Er wurde von Brian D. Josephson 1962 theoretisch vorhergesagt und später in zahlreichen Experimenten verifiziert. Josephson erhielt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Josephson vortex — In superconductivity, a Josephson vortex is a vortex of supercurrent in a long Josephson junction (LJJ). The supercurrents circulate around the vortex center which is situated inside the Josephson barrier. Opposite to Abrikosov vortices in type… …   Wikipedia

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