Alcmaeon
(fl.450bc) Greek philosopher and physician
Alcmaeon was born in Croton (now Crotone in Italy). Details of his work come from the surviving fragments of his book and through references by later authors, including Aristotle. He was probably influenced by the school of thought founded by Pythagoras in Croton and originated the notion that health was dependent on maintaining a balance between all the pairs of opposite qualities in the body, i.e. wet and dry, hot and cold, etc. Imbalance of these qualities resulted in illness. This theory was later developed by Hippocrates and his followers.
Alcmaeon performed dissections of animals and possibly of human cadavers also. He demonstrated various anatomical features of the eye and ear, including their connections with the brain, and correctly asserted that the brain was the control center of bodily functions and the seat of intelligence.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alcmaeon — Alcmaeon, Alkmaion, Alcmeon, or Alkmaon may refer to: * Alcmaeon (mythology), one of the Epigoni * Alcmaeon (King of Athens), the last king of Athens * Alcmaeon, son of Megacles, 6th century BC commander during the Cirrhaean War * Alcmaeon of… …   Wikipedia

  • Alcmaeon — ALCMAEON, ŏnis, Gr. Ἀλκμαίων, ονος, (⇒ Tab. XXV.) des Amphiaraus und der Eriphyle Sohn. Diod. Sicul. lib. IV. c. 7. Er wurde von den Epigonen in dem andern Zuge wider Theben auf des Orakels Befehl zu ihrem Oberhaupte erwählet, wobey er sich… …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Alcmaeon — /alk mee euhn/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Amphiaraus and Eriphyle who commanded the second expedition against Thebes. He killed his mother for sending his father to certain death and was driven mad by the Furies. * * * or Alcmeon In Greek… …   Universalium

  • ALCMAEON — I. ALCMAEON Amphiarâi vatis, et Eriphyles fil. Huic pater, ad bellum proficisci coactus, nequitiam Eriphyles in se aperuit, eique futurae mortis suae vindictam reliquit; qui defunctô patre memor praecepti, ut in patrem pietatem servaret, impius… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Alcmaeon — /alk mee euhn/, n. Class. Myth. a son of Amphiaraus and Eriphyle who commanded the second expedition against Thebes. He killed his mother for sending his father to certain death and was driven mad by the Furies …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alcmaeon of Croton — Alcmaeon (Gr. polytonic|Ἀλκμαίων) of Croton (in Magna Græcia) was one of the most eminent natural philosophers and medical theorists of antiquity. His father s name was Pirithus, and he is said by some to have been a pupil of Pythagoras, and must …   Wikipedia

  • Alcmaeon, son of Megacles — Alcmaeon (Gr. polytonic|Ἀλκμαίων), son of the Megacles who was guilty of sacrilege with respect to the fol­lowers of Cimon, was invited by Croesus, king of Lydia, to Sardis in consequence of the services he had rendered to an embassy sent by… …   Wikipedia

  • Alcmaeon (King of Athens) — Alcmaeon (Greek: polytonic|Ἀλκμαίων) was the last Archon of Athens, and member of the storied Alcmaeonid family. In 753 BC he was succeeded by Charops, the first archon with a limited term of office of ten years …   Wikipedia

  • Alcmaeon (mythology) — In Greek mythology, Alcmaeon, or Alkmáon, was the son of Amphiaraus and Eriphyle. As one of the Epigoni, he was a leader of the Argives who attacked Thebes, taking the city in retaliation for the deaths of their fathers, the Seven Against Thebes …   Wikipedia

  • Alcmaeon of Croton — (6th c. BC) A younger contemporary of Pythagoras, and known as a physician. He is supposed to have recognized the brain as the seat of consciousness, a view accepted by Plato on the grounds that the highest faculty should be seated in the highest …   Philosophy dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”