Boole , George
(1815–1864) British mathematician
Boole came from a poor background in the English city of Lincoln and was virtually self-taught in mathematics. He discovered for himself the theory of invariants. Before he obtained an academic post Boole spent several years as a school teacher, first in Yorkshire and later at a school he opened himself. In 1849 he became professor of mathematics at Queen's College, Cork, Ireland.
Boole's main work was in showing how mathematical techniques could be applied to the study of logic. His book The Laws of Thought (1854) is a landmark in the study of logic. Boole laid the foundations for an axiomatic treatment of logic that proved essential for the further fundamental developments soon to be made in the subject by such workers at Gottlob Frege and Bertrand Russell.
Boole's own logical algebra is essentially an algebra of classes, being based on such concepts as complement and union of classes. His work was an important advance in considering algebraic operations abstractly – that is, studying the formal properties of operations and their combinations without reference to their interpretation or ‘meaning’. Fundamental formal properties like commutativity and associativity were first studied in purely abstract terms by Boole.
Boole's work led to the recognition of a new and fundamental algebraic structure the Boolean algebra alongside such structures as the field, ring, and group. The study of Boolean algebras both in themselves and their application to other areas of mathematics has been an important concern of 20th-century mathematics. Boolean algebras find important applications in such diverse fields as topology, measure theory, probability and statistics, and computing.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Boole,George — Boole (bo͞ol), George. 1815 1864. British mathematician and logician who developed a calculus of symbolic logic. * * * …   Universalium

  • Boole, George — born Nov. 2, 1815, Lincoln, Eng. died Dec. 8, 1864, Ballintemple, Ire. British mathematician. Though basically self taught and lacking a university degree, in 1849 he was appointed professor of mathematics at Queen s College in Ireland. His… …   Universalium

  • Boole, George — ► (1815 64) Matemático británico. Su obra más importante, Una investigación de las leyes del pensamiento (1854), propone la representación de las ideas por medio de símbolos matemáticos. * * * (2 nov. 1815, Lincoln, Inglaterra–8 dic. 1864,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Boole, George — (1815–1864) English mathematician and logician. Born in Lincoln and educated locally, Boole worked as a schoolmaster until he gained recognition as a mathematician, and became professor at Queen s College, Cork, Ireland, in 1849. His pamphlet The …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Boole, George — ● /boul/ np. m. ►PERS (2 nov. 1815 8 déc. 1864). Mathématicien Britannique du XIXème siècle, créateur de de la logique moderne qui porte son nom (logique Booléenne), aussi appelée Algèbre de Boole ou algèbre booléenne. Voir booléen. Boole a aussi …   Dictionnaire d'informatique francophone

  • Boole — Boole, George …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Boole — Boole, George …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Boole — [ˌdʒɔːdʒ ˈbuːl] (* 2. November 1815 in Lincoln, England; † 8. Dezember 1864 in Ballintemple, in der Grafschaft Cork, Irland) war ein englischer Mathematiker (Autodidakt), Logiker und Philosoph …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Boole — Nacimiento 2 de noviembre de 1815 Lincoln, Lincolnshire, Inglaterra Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Boole — George Boole, etwa 1860 George Boole [ˌdʒɔːdʒ ˈbuːl] (* 2. November 1815 in Lincoln, England; † 8. Dezember 1864 in Ballintemple, in der Grafschaft Cork, Irland) war ein englischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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