Woodward , Robert Burns

Woodward , Robert Burns
(1917–1979) American chemist
Born in Boston, Massachusetts, Woodward was educated at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, obtaining his PhD in 1937. His whole career was spent at Harvard where, starting as a postdoctoral fellow in 1937, he became Morris Loeb Professor of Chemistry in 1953.
In 1944 Woodward, with William von Eggers Doering, synthesized quinine from the basic elements. This was an historic moment for it was the quinine molecule that William Perkin had first, somewhat prematurely, attempted to synthesize in 1855.
Woodward and his school later succeeded in synthesizing an impressive number of molecules, many of which are important far beyond the field of chemistry. Thus among the most important were cholesterol and cortisone in 1951, strychnine and LSD in 1954, reserpine in 1956, chlorophyll in 1960, a tetracycline antibiotic in 1962, and vitamin B12 in 1971. The work on the synthesis of B12 led Woodward and Roald Hoffman to introduce the principle of conservation of orbital symmetry. This major theoretical advance has provided a deep understanding of a wide group of chemical reactions.
He received the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1965. Woodward's death in 1979 deprived him of a second Nobel award, namely, the chemistry prize awarded to his colleague Hoffmann in 1981 for their work on orbital theory.

Scientists. . 2011.

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  • Woodward,Robert Burns — Woodward, Robert Burns. 1917 1979. American chemist. He won a 1965 Nobel Prize for work in synthesizing complicated organic compounds. * * * …   Universalium

  • Woodward, Robert Burns — ▪ American chemist Introduction born April 10, 1917, Boston, Mass., U.S. died July 8, 1979, Cambridge, Mass.  American chemist best known for his syntheses of complex organic substances, including cholesterol and cortisone (1951), strychnine… …   Universalium

  • Robert Burns Woodward — (* 10. April 1917 in Boston, Massachusetts, USA; † 8. Juli 1979 in Cambridge, Mass.) war ein amerikanischer Chemiker und Nobelpreisträger. Sein Fachgebiet war die Organische Chemie. Robert B. Woodward, Cambridge (Mass)1965 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Burns Wooward — Robert Burns Woodward Pour les articles homonymes, voir Woodward. Robert Burns Woodward, 1965 Robert Burns Woodward, (1917 1979), est un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Burns Woodward — Infobox Scientist name = Robert Burns Woodward image width = caption = birth date = birth date|1917|4|10|mf=y birth place = Boston, Massachusetts death date = death date and age|1979|7|8|1917|4|10 death place = Cambridge, Massachusetts residence …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Burns Woodward — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Woodward. Robert Burns Woodward, 1965 Robert Burns Woodward, (1917 1979) est un chimiste …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Robert Burns Woodward — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Burns Woodward, 1965 Robert Burns Woodward ( Boston, EUA, 10 de abril de 1917 Cambridge, EUA, 8 de julio de 1979); fue un químico y profesor universitario estadounidense …   Wikipedia Español

  • Robert Burns Woodward — noun United States chemist honored for synthesizing complex organic compounds (1917 1979) • Syn: ↑Woodward, ↑Bob Woodward, ↑Robert Woodward • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chemist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chemienobelpreis 1965: Robert Burns Woodward —   Der amerikanische Chemiker erhielt den Nobelpreis für Chemie für seine Arbeiten auf dem Gebiet der Naturstoffsynthesen.    Biografie   Robert Burns Woodward, * Boston (Mass.) 10. 4. 1917, ✝ Cambridge (Massachussetts) 8. 7. 1979; 1937 als 20… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Woodward — Robert Burns …   Scientists

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