Williams , Robert R.
(1886–1965) American chemist
The son of a Baptist missionary, Williams was born at Nellore in India and educated at the universities of Ottawa, Kansas, and Chicago. He began his career in government service, serving as chemist to the Bureau of Science in Manila before returning to America, where he worked at the Bureau of Chemistry in the agriculture department until 1918. He then moved into industry, working first for Western Electric before joining the Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1924, where he directed the chemistry laboratory until 1945.
With considerable single-mindedness Williams, early in his career, set himself the task of isolating the cause of beriberi. As early as 1896 Christiaan Eijkman had shown that it was a deficiency disease while Casimir Funk had demonstrated that the vitamin whose absence caused the disease was an amine. Beyond that nothing was known when Williams began his work in the Philippines.
Working mainly in his spare time, in 1934 he managed to isolate, from several tons of rice husks, enough of the vitamin, B1, to work out its formula. In 1937 he succeeded in synthesizing it.
His brother Roger, also a chemist, discovered pantothenic acid, another important vitamin in the B complex.

Scientists. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Robert R. Butler — Robert Reyburn Butler (* 24. September 1881 in Butler, Johnson County, Tennessee; † 7. Januar 1933 in Washington D. C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Butler besuchte die Law School der Cumberland University in Lebanon. 1903, nach Abschluss …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert R. Merhige, Jr. — Robert R. Merhige Jr. (February 5, 1919 February 18, 2005), was a federal judge for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia who is known for his rulings on desegregation in the 1970s.Born in New York City, Merhige… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert R. Williams — (* 16. Februar 1886; † 2. Oktober 1965) war ein amerikanischer Chemiker. 1907 schloss er sein Chemiestudium an der Universität von Chicago ab. Anschließend forschte er für eine amerikanische Telefongesellschaft. In seiner Freizeit forschte er an… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert R. Blacker House — Infobox nrhp name = Robert R. Blacker House nrhp type = caption = Robert R. Blacker House (Greene Greene 1907) location = 1177 Hillcrest Ave Pasadena, California nearest city = lat degrees = lat minutes = lat seconds = lat direction = long… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert R. Williams — for the Mayor of Miami, Florida, see Robert R. Williams (Mayor of Miami)Robert R. Williams (February 16 1886–October 2 1965) was an American telephone company researcher who carried out vitamin research in his spare time and established the… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert R. Young — Robert Ralph Young (February 14, 1897 January 25, 1958) was a United States financier and industrialist. He is best known for leading the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway and New York Central Railroad during and after World War II. Because of his… …   Wikipedia

  • Williams (Familienname) — Williams ist ein englischer Familienname. Bedeutung Der Name ist eine patronymische Ableitung und bedeutet Sohn des William. Verbreitung Williams ist mit 0,69 Prozent Namensträgern an der Gesamtbevölkerung dritthäufigster Familienname in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Williams — Robert Williams, Rob Williams or Bob Williams may refer to: United Kingdom *Sir Robert Williams, 2nd Baronet (c. 1627 1678), Member of Parliament for Carnarvonshire 1656 1658 and for Carnarvon Boroughs 1659 *Robert Williams (c. 1695 1763), Member …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Williams — ist der Name folgender Personen: Robert Williams (Dichter) (Robert ap Gwilym Ddu; 1766–1850), walisischer Dichter Robert Williams (Politiker) (1773–1836), US amerikanischer Politiker (North Carolina und Mississippi Territory) Robert Williams… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Warner — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ilustración del autor: Schomburgkia superbiens (orig. Laelia superbiens) Robert Warner ( * 1815 1896) fue un botánico e ilustrador estadounidense …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”